Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Clim. Past, 16, 2095–2123, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2095-2020

Special issue: PlioMIP Phase 2: experimental design, implementation and scientific...

Special issue: Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 4 (PMIP4)...

Clim. Past, 16, 2095–2123, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2095-2020

Research article 04 Nov 2020

Research article | 04 Nov 2020

The Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2: large-scale climate features and climate sensitivity

Alan M. Haywood et al.

Related authors

Mid-Pliocene West African Monsoon rainfall as simulated in the PlioMIP2 ensemble
Ellen Berntell, Qiong Zhang, Qiang Li, Alan M. Haywood, Julia C. Tindall, Stephen J. Hunter, Zhongshi Zhang, Xiangyu Li, Chuncheng Guo, Kerim H. Nisancioglu, Christian Stepanek, Gerrit Lohmann, Linda E. Sohl, Mark A. Chandler, Ning Tan, Camille Contoux, Gilles Ramstein, Michiel L. J. Baatsen, Anna S. von der Heydt, Deepak Chandan, William Richard Peltier, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Wing-Le Chan, Youichi Kamae, Charles J. R. Williams, Daniel J. Lunt, Ran Feng, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, and Esther C. Brady
Clim. Past, 17, 1777–1794, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1777-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1777-2021, 2021
Short summary
Evaluating the large-scale hydrological cycle response within the PlioMIP2 ensemble
Zixuan Han, Qiong Zhang, Qiang Li, Ran Feng, Alan M. Haywood, Julia C. Tindall, Stephen J. Hunter, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Esther C. Brady, Nan Rosenbloom, Zhongshi Zhang, Xiangyu Li, Chuncheng Guo, Kerim H. Nisancioglu, Christian Stepanek, Gerrit Lohmann, Linda E. Sohl, Mark A. Chandler, Ning Tan, Gilles Ramstein, Michiel L. J. Baatsen, Anna S. von der Heydt, Deepak Chandan, W. Richard Peltier, Charles J. R. Williams, Daniel J. Lunt, Jianbo Cheng, Qin Wen, and Natalie J. Burls
Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-72,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-72, 2021
Preprint under review for CP
Short summary
Multi-variate factorisation of numerical simulations
Daniel J. Lunt, Deepak Chandan, Alan M. Haywood, George M. Lunt, Jonathan C. Rougier, Ulrich Salzmann, Gavin A. Schmidt, and Paul J. Valdes
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 4307–4317, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4307-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4307-2021, 2021
Short summary
Reduced El Niño variability in the mid-Pliocene according to the PlioMIP2 ensemble
Arthur Merlijn Oldeman, Michiel L. J. Baatsen, Anna S. von der Heydt, Henk A. Dijkstra, Julia C. Tindall, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Alice R. Booth, Esther C. Brady, Wing-Le Chan, Deepak Chandan, Mark A. Chandler, Camille Contoux, Ran Feng, Chuncheng Guo, Alan M. Haywood, Stephen J. Hunter, Youichi Kamae, Qiang Li, Xiangyu Li, Gerrit Lohmann, Daniel J. Lunt, Kerim H. Nisancioglu, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, W. Richard Peltier, Gabriel M. Pontes, Gilles Ramstein, Linda E. Sohl, Christian Stepanek, Ning Tan, Qiong Zhang, Zhongshi Zhang, Ilana Wainer, and Charles J. R. Williams
Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-58,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-58, 2021
Preprint under review for CP
Short summary
Simulation of the mid-Pliocene Warm Period using HadGEM3: Experimental design and results from model-model and model-data comparison
Charles J. R. Williams, Alistair A. Sellar, Xin Ren, Alan M. Haywood, Peter Hopcroft, Stephen J. Hunter, William H. G. Roberts, Robin S. Smith, Emma J. Stone, Julia C. Tindall, and Daniel J. Lunt
Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-40,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-40, 2021
Revised manuscript accepted for CP
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Pre-Cenozoic
Deep ocean temperatures through time
Paul J. Valdes, Christopher R. Scotese, and Daniel J. Lunt
Clim. Past, 17, 1483–1506, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1483-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1483-2021, 2021
Short summary
Paleogeographic controls on the evolution of Late Cretaceous ocean circulation
Jean-Baptiste Ladant, Christopher J. Poulsen, Frédéric Fluteau, Clay R. Tabor, Kenneth G. MacLeod, Ellen E. Martin, Shannon J. Haynes, and Masoud A. Rostami
Clim. Past, 16, 973–1006, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-973-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-973-2020, 2020
Short summary
Stripping back the modern to reveal the Cenomanian–Turonian climate and temperature gradient underneath
Marie Laugié, Yannick Donnadieu, Jean-Baptiste Ladant, J. A. Mattias Green, Laurent Bopp, and François Raisson
Clim. Past, 16, 953–971, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-953-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-953-2020, 2020
Short summary
Diminished greenhouse warming from Archean methane due to solar absorption lines
B. Byrne and C. Goldblatt
Clim. Past, 11, 559–570, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-559-2015,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-559-2015, 2015
Short summary
The faint young Sun problem revisited with a 3-D climate–carbon model – Part 1
G. Le Hir, Y. Teitler, F. Fluteau, Y. Donnadieu, and P. Philippot
Clim. Past, 10, 697–713, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-697-2014,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-697-2014, 2014

Cited articles

Balsamo, G., Viterbo, P., Beljaars, A., van den Hurk, B., Hirschi, M., Betts, A. K., and Scipal, K.: A Revised Hydrology for the ECMWF Model: Verification from Field Site to Terrestrial Water Storage and Impact in the Integrated Forecast System, J. Hydrometeorol., 10, 623–643, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jhm1068.1, 2009. 
Balsamo, G., Pappenberger, F., Dutra, E., Viterbo, P., and van der Hurk, B.: A revised land hydrology in the ECMWF model: a step towards daily water flux prediction in a fully-closed water cycle, Hydrol. Process., 25, 1046–1054, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7808, 2011. 
Bitz, C. M., Shell, K. M., Gent, P. R., Bailey, D. A., Danabasoglu, G., Armour, K. C., Holland, M. M., and Kiehl, J. T.: Climate Sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model, Version 4, J. Climate, 25, 3053–3070, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00290.1, 2012. 
Boucher, O., Servonnat, J., Albright, A. L., et al.: Presentation and evaluation of the IPSL‐CM6A‐LR climate model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Sy., 12, e2019MS002010, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS002010, 2020. 
Burls, N. J. and Fedorov, A. V.: Simulating Pliocene warmth and a permanent El Nino-like state: The role of cloud albedo, Paleoceanography, 29, 893–910, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014pa002644, 2014. 
Download
Short summary
The large-scale features of middle Pliocene climate from the 16 models of PlioMIP Phase 2 are presented. The PlioMIP2 ensemble average was ~ 3.2 °C warmer and experienced ~ 7 % more precipitation than the pre-industrial era, although there are large regional variations. PlioMIP2 broadly agrees with a new proxy dataset of Pliocene sea surface temperatures. Combining PlioMIP2 and proxy data suggests that a doubling of atmospheric CO2 would increase globally averaged temperature by 2.6–4.8 °C.