Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Clim. Past, 16, 2325–2341, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2325-2020

Special issue: PlioMIP Phase 2: experimental design, implementation and scientific...

Clim. Past, 16, 2325–2341, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2325-2020
Research article
 | Highlight paper
23 Nov 2020
Research article  | Highlight paper | 23 Nov 2020

Evaluation of Arctic warming in mid-Pliocene climate simulations

Wesley de Nooijer et al.

Related authors

Simulating the mid-Holocene, last interglacial and mid-Pliocene climate with EC-Earth3-LR
Qiong Zhang, Ellen Berntell, Josefine Axelsson, Jie Chen, Zixuan Han, Wesley de Nooijer, Zhengyao Lu, Qiang Li, Qiang Zhang, Klaus Wyser, and Shuting Yang
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 1147–1169, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-1147-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-1147-2021, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Pleistocene
Simulating glacial dust changes in the Southern Hemisphere using ECHAM6.3-HAM2.3
Stephan Krätschmer, Michèlle van der Does, Frank Lamy, Gerrit Lohmann, Christoph Völker, and Martin Werner
Clim. Past, 18, 67–87, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-67-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-67-2022, 2022
Short summary
Climate and ice sheet evolutions from the last glacial maximum to the pre-industrial period with an ice-sheet–climate coupled model
Aurélien Quiquet, Didier M. Roche, Christophe Dumas, Nathaëlle Bouttes, and Fanny Lhardy
Clim. Past, 17, 2179–2199, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-2179-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-2179-2021, 2021
Short summary
The Role of Ice-Sheet Topography in the Alpine Hydro-Climate at Glacial Times
Patricio Velasquez, Martina Messmer, and Christoph C. Raible
Clim. Past Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-67,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-67, 2021
Revised manuscript accepted for CP
Short summary
The role of land cover in the climate of glacial Europe
Patricio Velasquez, Jed O. Kaplan, Martina Messmer, Patrick Ludwig, and Christoph C. Raible
Clim. Past, 17, 1161–1180, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1161-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1161-2021, 2021
Short summary
Simulated stability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum
Frerk Pöppelmeier, Jeemijn Scheen, Aurich Jeltsch-Thömmes, and Thomas F. Stocker
Clim. Past, 17, 615–632, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-615-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-615-2021, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Bakker, P., Stone, E. J., Charbit, S., Gröger, M., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Ritz, S. P., Varma, V., Khon, V., Lunt, D. J., Mikolajewicz, U., Prange, M., Renssen, H., Schneider, B., and Schulz, M.: Last interglacial temperature evolution – a model inter-comparison, Clim. Past, 9, 605–619, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-605-2013, 2013. 
Ballantyne, A. P., Greenwood, D. R., Damsté, J. S. S., Csank, A. Z., Eberle, J. J., and Rybczynski, N.: Significantly warmer Arctic surface temperatures during the Pliocene indicated by multiple independent proxies, Geology, 38, 603–606, https://doi.org/10.1130/G30815.1, 2010. 
Bracegirdle, T. J. and Stephenson, D. B.: On the Robustness of Emergent Constraints Used in Multimodel Climate Change Projections of Arctic Warming, J. Clim., 26, 669–678, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00537.1, 2013. 
Braconnot, P., Otto-Bliesner, B., Harrison, S., Joussaume, S., Peterchmitt, J.-Y., Abe-Ouchi, A., Crucifix, M., Driesschaert, E., Fichefet, Th., Hewitt, C. D., Kageyama, M., Kitoh, A., Laîné, A., Loutre, M.-F., Marti, O., Merkel, U., Ramstein, G., Valdes, P., Weber, S. L., Yu, Y., and Zhao, Y.: Results of PMIP2 coupled simulations of the Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum – Part 1: experiments and large-scale features, Clim. Past, 3, 261–277, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-3-261-2007, 2007. 
Braconnot, P., Harrison, S. P., Kageyama, M., Bartlein, P. J., Masson-Delmotte, V., Abe-Ouchi, A., Otto-Bliesner, B., and Zhao, Y.: Evaluation of climate models using palaeoclimatic data, Nat. Clim. Change, 2, 417–424, https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1456, 2012. 
Download
Short summary
The simulations for the past climate can inform us about the performance of climate models in different climate scenarios. Here, we analyse Arctic warming in an ensemble of 16 simulations of the mid-Pliocene Warm Period (mPWP), when the CO2 level was comparable to today. The results highlight the importance of slow feedbacks in the model simulations and imply that we must be careful when using simulations of the mPWP as an analogue for future climate change.