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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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CP | Articles | Volume 14, issue 8
Clim. Past, 14, 1179–1194, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Clim. Past, 14, 1179–1194, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 15 Aug 2018

Research article | 15 Aug 2018

Solar and volcanic forcing of North Atlantic climate inferred from a process-based reconstruction

Jesper Sjolte et al.

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Revised manuscript not accepted
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François Klein, Nerilie J. Abram, Mark A. J. Curran, Hugues Goosse, Sentia Goursaud, Valérie Masson-Delmotte, Andrew Moy, Raphael Neukom, Anaïs Orsi, Jesper Sjolte, Nathan Steiger, Barbara Stenni, and Martin Werner
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Cited articles

Adolphi, F., Muscheler, R., Svensson, A., Aldahan, A., Possnert, G., Beer, J., Sjolte, J., Bjorck, S., Matthes, K., and Thieblemont, R.: Persistent link between solar activity and Greenland climate during the Last Glacial Maximum, Nat. Geosci., 7, 662–666,, 2014. a, b
Andrews, M. B., Knight, J. R., and Gray, L. J.: A simulated lagged response of the North Atlantic Oscillation to the solar cycle over the period 1960–2009, Environ. Res. Lett., 10, 054022,, 2015. a
Bond, G., Kromer, B., Beer, J., Muscheler, R., Evans, M., Showers, W., Hoffmann, S., Lotti-Bond, R., Hajdas, I., and Bonani, G.: Persistent solar influence on north Atlantic climate during the Holocene, Science, 294, 2130–2136,, 2001. a
Bretagnon, P. and Francou, G.: Planetary theories in rectangular and spherical variables – vsop-87 solutions, Astron. Astrophys., 202, 309–315, 1988. a
Cayan, D. R.: Latent and sensible heat-flux anomalies over the northern oceans – Driving the sea-surface temperature, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 22, 859–881,<0859:LASHFA>2.0.CO;2, 1992. a
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Short summary
Tropical volcanic eruptions and variations in solar activity have been suggested to influence the strength of westerly winds across the North Atlantic. We use Greenland ice core records together with a climate model simulation, and find stronger westerly winds for five winters following tropical volcanic eruptions. We see a delayed response to solar activity of 5 years, and the response to solar minima corresponds well to the cooling pattern during the period known as the Little Ice Age.
Tropical volcanic eruptions and variations in solar activity have been suggested to influence...