Articles | Volume 12, issue 11
Clim. Past, 12, 2107–2126, 2016
Clim. Past, 12, 2107–2126, 2016
Research article
 | Highlight paper
01 Dec 2016
Research article  | Highlight paper | 01 Dec 2016

The 1430s: a cold period of extraordinary internal climate variability during the early Spörer Minimum with social and economic impacts in north-western and central Europe

Chantal Camenisch et al.

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Cited articles

Achilles, W.: Getreidepreise und Getreidehandelsbeziehungen europäischer Räume im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert, Zeitschrift für Agrargeschichte und Agrarsoziologie, 7, 32–55, 1959 (in German).
Allen, R. C.: The great divergence in European wages and prices from the Middle Ages to the First World War, Explor. Econ. Hist., 38, 411–447,, 2001.
Amann, B., Szidat, S., and Grosjean, M.: A millennial-long record of warm season precipitation and flood frequency for the North-western Alps inferred from varved lake sediments: Implications for the future, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 115, 89–100,, 2015.
Ammann, C. M., Joos, F., Schimel, D. S., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., and Tomas, R. A.: Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate System Model, P. Nal. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 3713–3718,, 2007.
Andersson, M. E., Verronen, P. T., Rodger, C. J., Clilverd, M. A., and Seppälä, A.: Missing driver in the Sun–Earth connection from energetic electron precipitation impacts mesospheric ozone, Nat. Commun., 5, 5197,, 2014.
Short summary
Throughout the last millennium, several cold periods occurred which affected humanity. Here, we investigate an exceptionally cold decade during the 15th century. The cold conditions challenged the food production and led to increasing food prices and a famine in parts of Europe. In contrast to periods such as the “Year Without Summer” after the eruption of Tambora, these extreme climatic conditions seem to have occurred by chance and in relation to the internal variability of the climate system.