Articles | Volume 12, issue 3
Research article
23 Mar 2016
Research article |  | 23 Mar 2016

Arctic sea ice simulation in the PlioMIP ensemble

Fergus W. Howell, Alan M. Haywood, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Fran Bragg, Wing-Le Chan, Mark A. Chandler, Camille Contoux, Youichi Kamae, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Nan A. Rosenbloom, Christian Stepanek, and Zhongshi Zhang

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Cited articles

Arzel, O., Fichefet, T., and Goosse, H.: Sea ice evolution over the 20th and 21st centuries as simulated by current AOGCMs, Ocean Model., 12, 401–415,, 2006.
Belt, S. and Müller, J.: The Arctic sea ice biomarker IP25: a review of current understanding, recommendations for future research and applications in palaeo sea ice reconstructions, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 79, 9–25, 2013.
Berger, M., Brandefelt, J., and Nilsson, J.: The sensitivity of the Arctic sea ice to orbitally induced insolation changes: a study of the mid-Holocene Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project 2 and 3 simulations, Clim. Past, 9, 969–982,, 2013.
Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E. and Bitz, C.: Characteristics of Arctic Sea-Ice Thickness Variability in GCMs, J. Climate, 27, 8244–8258,, 2014.
Boé, J. L., Hall, A., and Qu, X.: September sea-ice cover in the Arctic Ocean projected to vanish by 2100, Nat. Geosci., 2, 341–343,, 2009.
Short summary
Simulations of pre-industrial and mid-Pliocene Arctic sea ice by eight GCMs are analysed. Ensemble variability in sea ice extent is greater in the mid-Pliocene summer, when half of the models simulate sea-ice-free conditions. Weaker correlations are seen between sea ice extent and temperatures in the pre-industrial era compared to the mid-Pliocene. The need for more comprehensive sea ice proxy data is highlighted, in order to better compare model performances.