Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
Clim. Past, 16, 1777–1805, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-1777-2020

Special issue: Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 4 (PMIP4)...

Clim. Past, 16, 1777–1805, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-1777-2020

Research article 28 Sep 2020

Research article | 28 Sep 2020

Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models

Josephine R. Brown et al.

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Cited articles

Abe-Ouchi, A., Saito, F., Kageyama, M., Braconnot, P., Harrison, S. P., Lambeck, K., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Peltier, W. R., Tarasov, L., Peterschmitt, J.-Y., and Takahashi, K.: Ice-sheet configuration in the CMIP5/PMIP3 Last Glacial Maximum experiments, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 3621–3637, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-3621-2015, 2015. 
Adam, O., Schneider, T., and Brient, F.: Regional and seasonal variations of the double-ITCZ bias in CMIP5 models, Clim. Dynam., 51, 101–117, 2018. 
Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P. P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., Arkin, P., and Nelkin, E.: The version-2 global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979–present), J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1147–1167, 2003. 
An, S. I. and Bong, H.: Feedback process responsible for the suppression of ENSO activity during the mid-Holocene, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 132, 779–790, 2018. 
An, S.-I. and Choi, J.: Inverse relationship between the equatorial eastern Pacific annual-cycle and ENSO amplitudes in a coupled general circulation model, Clim. Dynam., 40, 663–675, 2013. 
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El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the largest source of year-to-year variability in the current climate, but the response of ENSO to past or future changes in climate is uncertain. This study compares the strength and spatial pattern of ENSO in a set of climate model simulations in order to explore how ENSO changes in different climates, including past cold glacial climates and past climates with different seasonal cycles, as well as gradual and abrupt future warming cases.