Articles | Volume 18, issue 5
Clim. Past, 18, 1083–1108, 2022

Special issue: Interdisciplinary studies of volcanic impacts on climate and...

Clim. Past, 18, 1083–1108, 2022
Research article
20 May 2022
Research article | 20 May 2022

Climatic, weather, and socio-economic conditions corresponding to the mid-17th-century eruption cluster

Markus Stoffel et al.

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Cited articles

Abbott, P. M., Plunkett, G., Corona, C., Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Pilcher, J. R., Stoffel, M., and Sigl, M.: Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of volcanic events in the 1450s CE and assessing the eruption's climatic impact, Clim. Past, 17, 565–585,, 2021. 
Arakawa, H. (Ed.): Kikin [Famine], Kyōikusha, Tokyo, Japan, 1974. 
Asao, N. (Ed.): Sakoku [The Closed Country], Shōgakkan, Tokyo, Japan, 1975. 
Atwell, W. S.: Some observations on the “seventeenth-century crisis” in China and Japan, J. Asian Stud., 45, 223–244,, 1986. 
Atwell, W. S.: Volcanism and short-term climatic change in East Asian and World history, c. 1200-1699, J. World Hist., 12, 29–98,, 2001. 
Short summary
The mid-17th century saw several volcanic eruptions, deteriorating climate, political instability, and famine in Europe, China, and Japan. We analyze impacts of the eruptions on climate but also study their socio-political context. We show that an unambiguous distinction of volcanic cooling or wetting from natural climate variability is not straightforward. It also shows that political instability, poor harvest, and famine cannot only be attributed to volcanic climatic impacts.