Articles | Volume 18, issue 5
Clim. Past, 18, 1083–1108, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-1083-2022

Special issue: Interdisciplinary studies of volcanic impacts on climate and...

Clim. Past, 18, 1083–1108, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-1083-2022
Research article
20 May 2022
Research article | 20 May 2022

Climatic, weather, and socio-economic conditions corresponding to the mid-17th-century eruption cluster

Markus Stoffel et al.

Data sets

Reconstructed volcanic stratospheric sulfur injections and aerosol optical depth, 500 BCE to 1900 CE Matthew Toohey and Michael Sigl https://doi.org/10.1594/WDCC/eVolv2k_v2

Climatic and societal impacts of a "forgotten" cluster of volcanic eruptions in 1108-1110CE Sébastien Guillet, Christophe Corona, Francis Ludlow, Clive Oppenheimer, and Markus Stoffel https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63339-3

Climatic and societal impacts of a "forgotten" cluster of volcanic eruptions in 1108–1110 CE Sébastien Guillet, Christophe Corona, Francis Ludlow, Clive Oppenheimer, and Markus Stoffel https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3724674

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Short summary
The mid-17th century saw several volcanic eruptions, deteriorating climate, political instability, and famine in Europe, China, and Japan. We analyze impacts of the eruptions on climate but also study their socio-political context. We show that an unambiguous distinction of volcanic cooling or wetting from natural climate variability is not straightforward. It also shows that political instability, poor harvest, and famine cannot only be attributed to volcanic climatic impacts.