Articles | Volume 18, issue 8
Review article
02 Aug 2022
Review article |  | 02 Aug 2022

Antarctic sea ice over the past 130 000 years – Part 1: a review of what proxy records tell us

Xavier Crosta, Karen E. Kohfeld, Helen C. Bostock, Matthew Chadwick, Alice Du Vivier, Oliver Esper, Johan Etourneau, Jacob Jones, Amy Leventer, Juliane Müller, Rachael H. Rhodes, Claire S. Allen, Pooja Ghadi, Nele Lamping, Carina B. Lange, Kelly-Anne Lawler, David Lund, Alice Marzocchi, Katrin J. Meissner, Laurie Menviel, Abhilash Nair, Molly Patterson, Jennifer Pike, Joseph G. Prebble, Christina Riesselman, Henrik Sadatzki, Louise C. Sime, Sunil K. Shukla, Lena Thöle, Maria-Elena Vorrath, Wenshen Xiao, and Jiao Yang

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Compilation of Southern Ocean sea-ice records covering the last glacial-interglacial cycle (12–130 ka)
Matthew Chadwick, Xavier Crosta, Oliver Esper, Lena Thöle, and Karen E. Kohfeld
Clim. Past, 18, 1815–1829,,, 2022
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Evaluating seasonal sea-ice cover over the Southern Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum
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Sea ice changes in the southwest Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean during the last 140 000 years
Jacob Jones, Karen E. Kohfeld, Helen Bostock, Xavier Crosta, Melanie Liston, Gavin Dunbar, Zanna Chase, Amy Leventer, Harris Anderson, and Geraldine Jacobsen
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Reconstructing Antarctic winter sea-ice extent during Marine Isotope Stage 5e
Matthew Chadwick, Claire S. Allen, Louise C. Sime, Xavier Crosta, and Claus-Dieter Hillenbrand
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The Southern Ocean Radiolarian (SO-RAD) dataset: a new compilation of modern radiolarian census data
Kelly-Anne Lawler, Giuseppe Cortese, Matthieu Civel-Mazens, Helen Bostock, Xavier Crosta, Amy Leventer, Vikki Lowe, John Rogers, and Leanne K. Armand
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Related subject area

Subject: Proxy Use-Development-Validation | Archive: Marine Archives | Timescale: Pleistocene
A 600 kyr reconstruction of deep Arctic seawater δ18O from benthic foraminiferal δ18O and ostracode Mg ∕ Ca paleothermometry
Jesse R. Farmer, Katherine J. Keller, Robert K. Poirier, Gary S. Dwyer, Morgan F. Schaller, Helen K. Coxall, Matt O'Regan, and Thomas M. Cronin
Clim. Past, 19, 555–578,,, 2023
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Reorganization of Atlantic Waters at sub-polar latitudes linked to deep-water overflow in both glacial and interglacial climate states
Dakota E. Holmes, Tali L. Babila, Ulysses Ninnemann, Gordon Bromley, Shane Tyrrell, Greig A. Paterson, Michelle J. Curran, and Audrey Morley
Clim. Past, 18, 989–1009,,, 2022
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Parallel between the isotopic composition of coccolith calcite and carbon levels across Termination II: developing a new paleo-CO2 probe
Camille Godbillot, Fabrice Minoletti, Franck Bassinot, and Michaël Hermoso
Clim. Past, 18, 449–464,,, 2022
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A global climatology of the ocean surface during the Last Glacial Maximum mapped on a regular grid (GLOMAP)
André Paul, Stefan Mulitza, Rüdiger Stein, and Martin Werner
Clim. Past, 17, 805–824,,, 2021
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Contrasting late-glacial paleoceanographic evolution between the upper and lower continental slope of the western South Atlantic
Leticia G. Luz, Thiago P. Santos, Timothy I. Eglinton, Daniel Montluçon, Blanca Ausin, Negar Haghipour, Silvia M. Sousa, Renata H. Nagai, and Renato S. Carreira
Clim. Past, 16, 1245–1261,,, 2020
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Cited articles

Abernathey, R. P., Cerovecki, I., Holland, P. R., Newsom, E., Mazloff, M., and Talley, L. D.: Water-mass transformation by sea ice in the upper branch of the Southern Ocean overturning, Nat. Geosci., 9, 596–601, 2016. 
Abram, N. J., Wolff, E. W., and Curran, M. A. J.: A review of sea ice proxy information from polar ice cores, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 79, 168–183, 2013. 
Ackley, S. F.: A review of sea-ice weather relationships in the Southern Hemisphere, in: Proceeding of the Canberra Symposium: Sea Level, Ice and Climatic Change, edited by: Allison, I., IAHS Publication, Guildfold, UK, Vol. 131, 127–159, 1980. 
Ainley, D., Woehler, E. J., and Lescroël, A.: Birds and Antarctic sea ice, in: Sea Ice, Third Edition, edited by: Thomas, D. N., Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 570–582, 2017. 
Alkama, R., Koffi, E. N., Vavrus, S. J., Diehl, T., Francis, J. A., Stroeve, J., Forzieri, G., Vihma, T., and Cescatti, A.: Wind amplifies the polar sea ice retreat, Environ. Res. Lett., 15, 124022,, 2020. 
Short summary
Despite its importance in the global climate, our knowledge of Antarctic sea-ice changes throughout the last glacial–interglacial cycle is extremely limited. As part of the Cycles of Sea Ice Dynamics in the Earth system (C-SIDE) Working Group, we review marine- and ice-core-based sea-ice proxies to provide insights into their applicability and limitations. By compiling published records, we provide information on Antarctic sea-ice dynamics over the past 130 000 years.