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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 12, issue 9
Clim. Past, 12, 1919–1932, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Clim. Past, 12, 1919–1932, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 29 Sep 2016

Research article | 29 Sep 2016

Impact of meltwater on high-latitude early Last Interglacial climate

Emma J. Stone et al.

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Cited articles

Bakker, P., Van Meerbeeck, C. J., and Renssen, H.: Sensitivity of the North Atlantic climate to Greenland Ice Sheet melting during the Last Interglacial, Clim. Past, 8, 995–1009,, 2012.
Bakker, P., Stone, E. J., Charbit, S., Gröger, M., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Ritz, S. P., Varma, V., Khon, V., Lunt, D. J., Mikolajewicz, U., Prange, M., Renssen, H., Schneider, B., and Schulz, M.: Last interglacial temperature evolution – a model inter-comparison, Clim. Past, 9, 605–619,, 2013.
Bauch, H. A., Kandiano, E. S., Helmke, J., Andersen, N., Rosell-Mele, A., and Erlenkeuser, H.: Climatic bisection of the last interglacial warm period in the Polar North Atlantic, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 30, 1813–1818, 2011.
Böhm, E., Lippold, J., Gutjahr, M., Frank, M., Blaser, P., Antz, B., Fohlmeister, J., Frank, N., Andersen, M. B., and Deininger, M.: Strong and deep Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last glacial cycle, Nature, 517, 73–76, 2015.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
Climate models forced only with greenhouse gas concentrations and orbital parameters representative of the early Last Interglacial are unable to reproduce the observed colder-than-present temperatures in the North Atlantic and the warmer-than-present temperatures in the Southern Hemisphere. Using a climate model forced also with a freshwater amount derived from data representing melting from the remnant Northern Hemisphere ice sheets accounts for this response via the bipolar seesaw mechanism.
Climate models forced only with greenhouse gas concentrations and orbital parameters...