Articles | Volume 20, issue 3
Research article
12 Mar 2024
Research article |  | 12 Mar 2024

High-resolution LGM climate of Europe and the Alpine region using the regional climate model WRF

Emmanuele Russo, Jonathan Buzan, Sebastian Lienert, Guillaume Jouvet, Patricio Velasquez Alvarez, Basil Davis, Patrick Ludwig, Fortunat Joos, and Christoph C. Raible

Related authors

Climate Model Downscaling in Central Asia: A Dynamical and a Neural Network Approach
Bijan Fallah, Christoph Menz, Emmanuele Russo, Paula Harder, Peter Hoffmann, Iulii Didovets, and Fred F. Hattermann
Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss.,,, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for GMD
Short summary
Winter sensitivity of glacial states to orbits and ice sheet heights in CESM1.2
Jonathan Robert Buzan, Emmanuele Russo, Woon Mi Kim, and Christoph C. Raible
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Preprint archived
Short summary
The climate and vegetation of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East during the Last Glacial Maximum (21,000 years BP) based on pollen data
Basil Andrew Stansfield Davis, Marc Fasel, Jed O. Kaplan, Emmanuele Russo, and Ariane Burke
Clim. Past Discuss.,,, 2022
Revised manuscript under review for CP
Short summary
The long-standing dilemma of European summer temperatures at the mid-Holocene and other considerations on learning from the past for the future using a regional climate model
Emmanuele Russo, Bijan Fallah, Patrick Ludwig, Melanie Karremann, and Christoph C. Raible
Clim. Past, 18, 895–909,,, 2022
Short summary
COSMO-CLM regional climate simulations in the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) framework: a review
Silje Lund Sørland, Roman Brogli, Praveen Kumar Pothapakula, Emmanuele Russo, Jonas Van de Walle, Bodo Ahrens, Ivonne Anders, Edoardo Bucchignani, Edouard L. Davin, Marie-Estelle Demory, Alessandro Dosio, Hendrik Feldmann, Barbara Früh, Beate Geyer, Klaus Keuler, Donghyun Lee, Delei Li, Nicole P. M. van Lipzig, Seung-Ki Min, Hans-Jürgen Panitz, Burkhardt Rockel, Christoph Schär, Christian Steger, and Wim Thiery
Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 5125–5154,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Millenial/D-O
Causes of the weak emergent constraint on climate sensitivity at the Last Glacial Maximum
Martin Renoult, Navjit Sagoo, Jiang Zhu, and Thorsten Mauritsen
Clim. Past, 19, 323–356,,, 2023
Short summary
Does a difference in ice sheets between Marine Isotope Stages 3 and 5a affect the duration of stadials? Implications from hosing experiments
Sam Sherriff-Tadano, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Akira Oka, Takahito Mitsui, and Fuyuki Saito
Clim. Past, 17, 1919–1936,,, 2021
Short summary
Impact of mid-glacial ice sheets on deep ocean circulation and global climate
Sam Sherriff-Tadano, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, and Akira Oka
Clim. Past, 17, 95–110,,, 2021
Short summary
A Bayesian framework for emergent constraints: case studies of climate sensitivity with PMIP
Martin Renoult, James Douglas Annan, Julia Catherine Hargreaves, Navjit Sagoo, Clare Flynn, Marie-Luise Kapsch, Qiang Li, Gerrit Lohmann, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Rumi Ohgaito, Xiaoxu Shi, Qiong Zhang, and Thorsten Mauritsen
Clim. Past, 16, 1715–1735,,, 2020
Short summary
Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate
Chuncheng Guo, Kerim H. Nisancioglu, Mats Bentsen, Ingo Bethke, and Zhongshi Zhang
Clim. Past, 15, 1133–1151,,, 2019
Short summary

Cited articles

Alyea, F.: Numerical simulation of an ice age paleoclimate Atmosopheric Science Paper No. 193, Colorado State University, 1972. a
Annan, J. and Hargreaves, J.: A perspective on model-data surface temperature comparison at the Last Glacial Maximum, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 107, 1–10, 2015. a, b
Armstrong, E., Hopcroft, P., and Valdes, P.: Reassessing the value of regional climate modeling using paleoclimate simulations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 12464–12475, 2019. a
Beghin, P., Charbit, S., Kageyama, M., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Hatté, C., Dumas, C., and Peterschmitt, J.: What drives LGM precipitation over the western Mediterranean? A study focused on the Iberian Peninsula and northern Morocco, Clim. Dynam., 46, 2611–2631, 2016. a
Short summary
We present a series of experiments conducted for the Last Glacial Maximum (~21 ka) over Europe using the regional climate Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) at convection-permitting resolutions. The model, with new developments better suited to paleo-studies, agrees well with pollen-based climate reconstructions. This agreement is improved when considering different sources of uncertainty. The effect of convection-permitting resolutions is also assessed.