Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
Review article
 | Highlight paper
27 Mar 2019
Review article | Highlight paper |  | 27 Mar 2019

The 4.2 ka BP Event in the Mediterranean region: an overview

Monica Bini, Giovanni Zanchetta, Aurel Perşoiu, Rosine Cartier, Albert Català, Isabel Cacho, Jonathan R. Dean, Federico Di Rita, Russell N. Drysdale, Martin Finnè, Ilaria Isola, Bassem Jalali, Fabrizio Lirer, Donatella Magri, Alessia Masi, Leszek Marks, Anna Maria Mercuri, Odile Peyron, Laura Sadori, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Fabian Welc, Christoph Zielhofer, and Elodie Brisset

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Cited articles

Almogi-Labin, A., Bar-Matthews, M., Shriki, D., Kolosovsky, E., Paterne, M., Schilman, B., Ayalon, A., Aizenshtat, Z., and Matthews, A.: Climatic variability during the last 90 ka of the southern and northern Levantine Basin as evident from marine records and speleothems, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 28, 2882–2896, 2009. 
Alpert, P., Baldi, M., Ilani, R., Krichak, S., Price, C., Rodo, X., Saaroni, H., Ziv, B., Kishcha, P., Barkan, J., Mariotti, A., and Xoplaki, E.: Relations between climate variability in the Mediterranean region and the tropics: ENSO, South Asian and African monsoons, hurricanes and Saharan dust, in: Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences, Elsevier, 4, 149–177, 2006 a
Bajo, P., Hellstrom, J., Frisia, S., Drysdale, R., Black, J., Woodhead, J., Borsato, A., Wallace, M. W., Regattieri, E., and Haese, R.: “Cryptic” diagenesis and its implications for speleothem geochronologies, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 148, 17–28, 2016. a
Baldini, L. M., McDermott, F., Foley, A. M., and Baldini, J. U.: Spatial variability in the European winter precipitation δ18O–NAO relationship: Implications for reconstructing NAO-mode climate variability in the Holocene, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L04709,, 2008. a
Bard, E., Delaygue, G., Rostek, F., Antonioli, F., Silenzi, S., and Schrag, D.: Hydrological conditions in the western Mediterranean basin during the deposition of Sapropel 6 (ca. 175 kyr), Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 202, 481–494, 2002. a

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Short summary
The Mediterranean region has returned some of the clearest evidence of a climatically dry period occurring approximately 4200 years ago. We reviewed selected proxies to infer regional climate patterns between 4.3 and 3.8 ka. Temperature data suggest a cooling anomaly, even if this is not uniform, whereas winter was drier, along with dry summers. However, some exceptions to this prevail, where wetter condition seems to have persisted, suggesting regional heterogeneity.