Articles | Volume 20, issue 3
Research article
02 Apr 2024
Research article |  | 02 Apr 2024

Assessing transient changes in the ocean carbon cycle during the last deglaciation through carbon isotope modeling

Hidetaka Kobayashi, Akira Oka, Takashi Obase, and Ayako Abe-Ouchi

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Cited articles

Ai, X. E., Studer, A. S., Sigman, D. M., Martínez-García, A., Fripiat, F., Thöle, L. M., Michel, E., Gottschalk, J., Arnold, L., Moretti, S., Schmitt, M., Oleynik, S., Jaccard, S. L., and Haug, G. H.: Southern Ocean upwelling, Earth's obliquity, and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 change, Science, 370, 1348–1352,, 2020. a
Anderson, R. F., Ali, S., Bradtmiller, L. I., Nielsen, S. H. H., Fleisher, M. Q., Anderson, B. E., and Burckle, L. H.: Wind-Driven Upwelling in the Southern Ocean and the Deglacial Rise in Atmospheric CO2, Science, 323, 1443–1448,, 2009. a
Annan, J. D., Hargreaves, J. C., and Mauritsen, T.: A new global surface temperature reconstruction for the Last Glacial Maximum, Clim. Past, 18, 1883–1896,, 2022. a
Barnola, J. M., Raynaud, D., Korotkevich, Y. S., and Lorius, C.: Vostok ice core provides 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2, Nature, 329, 408–414,, 1987. a
Bauska, T. K., Marcott, S. A., and Brook, E. J.: Abrupt changes in the global carbon cycle during the last glacial period, Nat. Geosci., 14, 91–96,, 2021. a, b, c, d
Short summary
This study examines the transient response of the ocean carbon cycle to climate change since the last ice age by using an ocean general circulation model. Our carbon cycle model calculates atmospheric pCO2 changes that are consistent with ice core records but whose magnitude is underestimated. Our analysis of carbon isotopes suggests that improving the expression of activated ocean ventilation and suppressing biological productivity are critical in simulating atmospheric pCO2 changes.