Articles | Volume 16, issue 1
Research article
18 Feb 2020
Research article |  | 18 Feb 2020

Proxy surrogate reconstructions for Europe and the estimation of their uncertainties

Oliver Bothe and Eduardo Zorita

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Cited articles

Adler, D. and Kelly, S. T.: vioplot: violin plot, R package version 0.3.2, available at: (last access: 27 November 2019), 2018. a
Analytics, R. and Weston, S.: doMC: Foreach Parallel Adaptor for “parallel”, R package version 1.3.5, available at: (last access: 27 November 2019), 2017. a
Annan, J. D. and Hargreaves, J. C.: Identification of climatic state with limited proxy data, Clim. Past, 8, 1141–1151,, 2012. a, b, c
Attali, D.: ddpcr: Analysis and Visualization of Droplet Digital PCR in R and on the Web, R package version 1.11, available at:, last access: 27 November 2019. a
Short summary
One can use the similarity between sparse indirect observations of past climates and full fields of simulated climates to learn more about past climates. Here, we detail how one can compute uncertainty estimates for such reconstructions of past climates. This highlights the ambiguity of the reconstruction. We further show that such a reconstruction for European summer temperature agrees well with a more common approach.