Articles | Volume 15, issue 3
Clim. Past, 15, 981–996, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-981-2019

Special issue: Ocean deoxygenation: drivers and consequences – past, present...

Clim. Past, 15, 981–996, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-981-2019
Research article
 | Highlight paper
04 Jun 2019
Research article  | Highlight paper | 04 Jun 2019

Glacial CO2 decrease and deep-water deoxygenation by iron fertilization from glaciogenic dust

Akitomo Yamamoto et al.

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Cited articles

Albani, S., Mahowald, N. M., Perry, A. T., Scanza, R. A., Zender, C. S., Heavens, N. G., Maggi, V., Kok, J. F., and Otto-Bliesner, B. L.: Improved dust representation in the Community Atmosphere Model., J. Adv. Model. Earth Sy., 6, 541–570, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013ms000279, 2014. 
Bopp, L., Kohfeld, K. E., and Le Quéré, C.: Dust impact on marine biota and atmospheric CO2 during glacial periods, Paleoceanography, 18, 1046, https://doi.org/10.1029/2002PA000810, 2003. 
Bopp, L., Resplandy, L., Orr, J. C., Doney, S. C., Dunne, J. P., Gehlen, M., Halloran, P., Heinze, C., Ilyina, T., Séférian, R., Tjiputra, J., and Vichi, M.: Multiple stressors of ocean ecosystems in the 21st century: projections with CMIP5 models, Biogeosciences, 10, 6225–6245, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-6225-2013, 2013. 
Bopp, L., Resplandy, L., Untersee, A., Le Mezo, P., and Kageyama, M.: Ocean (de)oxygenation from the Last Glacial Maximum to the twenty-first century: insights from Earth System models, Philos. T. R. Soc. S.-A, 375, 2102, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2016.0323, 2017. 
Bouttes, N., Paillard, D., Roche, D. M., Brovkin, V., and Bopp, L.: Last Glacial Maximum CO2 and δ13C successfully reconciled, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L02705, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010gl044499, 2011. 
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Short summary
Proxy records of glacial oxygen change provide constraints on the contribution of the biological pump to glacial CO2 decrease. Here, we report our numerical simulation which successfully reproduces records of glacial oxygen changes and shows the significance of iron supply from glaciogenic dust. Our model simulations clarify that the enhanced efficiency of the biological pump is responsible for glacial CO2 decline of more than 30 ppm and approximately half of deep-ocean deoxygenation.