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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 12
Clim. Past, 11, 1701–1732, 2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Clim. Past, 11, 1701–1732, 2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 16 Dec 2015

Research article | 16 Dec 2015

Climate-vegetation modelling and fossil plant data suggest low atmospheric CO2 in the late Miocene

M. Forrest et al.

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Cited articles

Agusti, J., Sanz de Siria, A., and Garcés, M.: Explaining the end of the hominoid experiment in Europe, J. Human Evol., 45, 145–153, 2003.
Ahlström, A., Schurgers, G., Arneth, A., and Smith, B.: Robustness and uncertainty in terrestrial ecosystem carbon response to CMIP5 climate change projections, Environ. Res. Lett., 7, 1748–9326, 2012.
Arneth, A., Miller, P. A., Scholze, M., Hickler, T., Schurgers, G., Smith, B., and Prentice, I. C.: CO2 inhibition of global terrestrial isoprene emissions: Potential implications for atmospheric chemistry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18813,, 2007.
Beerling D. J. and Royer D. L.: Convergent Cenozoic CO2 history, Nat. Geosci., 4, 418–20, 2011.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We simulated Late Miocene (11-7 Million years ago) vegetation using two plausible CO2 concentrations: 280ppm CO2 and 450ppm CO2. We compared the simulated vegetation to existing plant fossil data for the whole Northern Hemisphere. Our results suggest that during the Late Miocene the CO2 levels have been relatively low, or that other factors that are not included in the models maintained the seasonal temperate forests and open vegetation.
We simulated Late Miocene (11-7 Million years ago) vegetation using two plausible CO2...