Articles | Volume 18, issue 12
Research article
02 Dec 2022
Research article |  | 02 Dec 2022

Statistical reconstruction of daily temperature and sea level pressure in Europe for the severe winter 1788/89

Duncan Pappert, Mariano Barriendos, Yuri Brugnara, Noemi Imfeld, Sylvie Jourdain, Rajmund Przybylak, Christian Rohr, and Stefan Brönnimann

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Cited articles

Allan, R., Endfield, G., Damodaran, V., Adamson, G., Hannaford, M., Carroll, F., Macdonald, N., Groom, N., Jones, J., Williamson, F., Hendy, E., Holper, P., Arroyo-Mora, J. P., Hughes, L., Bickers, R., and Bliuc, A.-M.: Toward integrated historical climate research: the example of Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth, WIREs Clim. Change, 7, 164–174,, 2016. 
Barriendos, M. and Llasat, M. C.: The Case of the `Maldá' Anomaly in the Western Mediterranean basin (AD 1760–1800): An Example of a Strong Climatic Variability, Climatic Change, 61, 191–216, 2003. 
Barriendos, M., Peña, J. C., Martín-Vide, J., Jönsson, P., and Demarée, G.: The Winter of 1788–1789 in the Iberian Peninsula from Meteorological Reading Observations and Proxy-Data Records, in: Giuseppe Toaldo e il Suo Tempo – Nel bicentenario della morte, Atti del Convegno, Padova, 10–13 novembre 1997, edited by: Pigatto, L., Cittadella, Bertoncello Artigrafiche, 921–941, 2000. 
Barriendos, M., Martín-Vide, J., Peña, J. C., and Rodríguez, R.: Daily Meteorological Observations in Cádiz – San Fernando. Analysis of the Documentary Sources and the Instrumental Data Content (1786–1996), Climatic Change, 53, 151–170, 2002. 
Short summary
We present daily temperature and sea level pressure fields for Europe for the severe winter 1788/1789 based on historical meteorological measurements and an analogue reconstruction approach. The resulting reconstruction skilfully reproduces temperature and pressure variations over central and western Europe. We find intense blocking systems over northern Europe and several abrupt, strong cold air outbreaks, demonstrating that quantitative weather reconstruction of past extremes is possible.