Articles | Volume 18, issue 7
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-1625-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-1625-2022
Research article
 | 
13 Jul 2022
Research article |  | 13 Jul 2022

Investigating stable oxygen and carbon isotopic variability in speleothem records over the last millennium using multiple isotope-enabled climate models

Janica C. Bühler, Josefine Axelsson, Franziska A. Lechleitner, Jens Fohlmeister, Allegra N. LeGrande, Madhavan Midhun, Jesper Sjolte, Martin Werner, Kei Yoshimura, and Kira Rehfeld

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SISALv3: A global speleothem stable isotope and trace element database
Nikita Kaushal, Franziska A. Lechleitner, Micah Wilhelm, Janica C. Bühler, Kerstin Braun, Yassine Ait Brahim, Khalil Azennoud, Andy Baker, Yuval Burstyn, Laia Comas-Bru, Yonaton Goldsmith, Sandy P. Harrison, István G. Hatvani, Kira Rehfeld, Magdalena Ritzau, Vanessa Skiba, Heather M. Stoll, József G. Szűcs, Pauline C. Treble, Vitor Azevedo, Jonathan L. Baker, Sakonvan Chawchai, Andrea Columbu, Laura Endres, Jun Hu, Zoltán Kern, Alena Kimbrough, Koray Koç, Monika Markowska, Belen Martrat, Syed Masood Ahmad, Carole Nehme, Valdir Felipe Novello, Carlos Pérez-Mejías, Jiaoyang Ruan, Natasha Sekhon, Nitesh Sinha, Carol V. Tadros, Benjamin H. Tiger, Sophie Warken, Annabel Wolf, Haiwei Zhang, and the SISAL Working Group members
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2023-364,https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2023-364, 2023
Preprint under review for ESSD
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Cited articles

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Short summary
We collected and standardized the output of five isotope-enabled simulations for the last millennium and assess differences and similarities to records from a global speleothem database. Modeled isotope variations mostly arise from temperature differences. While lower-resolution speleothems do not capture extreme changes to the extent of models, they show higher variability on multi-decadal timescales. As no model excels in all comparisons, we advise a multi-model approach where possible.