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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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CP | Articles | Volume 16, issue 1
Clim. Past, 16, 245–263, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-245-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Clim. Past, 16, 245–263, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-245-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 06 Feb 2020

Research article | 06 Feb 2020

Algal lipids reveal unprecedented warming rates in alpine areas of SW Europe during the industrial period

Antonio García-Alix et al.

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Abrantes, F., Lebreiro, S., Rodrigues, T., Gil, I., Bartels-Jónsdóttir, H., Oliveira, P., Kissel, C., and Grimalt, J. O.: Shallow-marine sediment cores record climate variability and earthquake activity off Lisbon (Portugal) for the last 2000 years, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 24, 2477–2494, 2005. 
Ammann, C. M., Joos, F., Schimel, D. S., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., and Tomas, R. A.: Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate System Model, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 3713–3718, 2007. 
Anderson, R. S., Jiménez-Moreno, G., Carrión, J., and Pérez-Martinez, C.: Postglacial history of alpine vegetation, fire, and climate from Laguna de Río Seco, Sierra Nevada, southern Spain, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 30, 1615–1629, 2011. 
Balzano, S., Lattaud, J., Villanueva, L., Rampen, S. W., Brussaard, C. P. D., van Bleijswijk, J., Bale, N., Sinninghe Damsté, J. S., and Schouten, S.: A quest for the biological sources of long chain alkyl diols in the western tropical North Atlantic Ocean, Biogeosciences, 15, 5951–5968, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5951-2018, 2018. 
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In this paper we identify warming thresholds, rates, and forcing mechanisms from a novel alpine temperature record of the southern Iberian Peninsula during the Common Era in order to contextualize the modern warming and its potential impact on these vulnerable alpine ecosystems. To do so, we have developed and applied the first lacustrine temperature calibration in alpine lakes for algal compounds, called long-chain alkyl diols, which is a significant advance in biomarker paleothermometry.
In this paper we identify warming thresholds, rates, and forcing mechanisms from a novel alpine...
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