Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2019-130
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2019-130
06 Nov 2019
 | 06 Nov 2019
Status: this preprint has been withdrawn by the authors.

Climatic subdivision of Heinrich Stadial 1 based on centennial-scale paleoenvironmental changes observed in the western Mediterranean area

Jon Camuera, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, María J. Ramos-Román, Antonio García-Alix, Francisco Jiménez-Espejo, Jaime L. Toney, R. Scott Anderson, and Cole Webster

Abstract. Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1) is one of the most extreme climate periods of the last glacial cycle, generating extremely low sea surface temperatures (SST) and significant changes in terrestrial landscape (e.g., vegetation). Previous studies show that overall cold/dry conditions occurred during HS1, but the lack of high-resolution records precludes whether climate was stable or instead characterized by instability. A high-resolution paleoclimatic record from Padul (southern Iberian Peninsula), supported by a robust chronology, shows that climate during HS1 was non-stationary and centennial-scale variability in moisture is superimposed on this overall cold climatic period. In this study we improve the resolution and suggest a novel subdivision of HS1 in 7 sub-phases, including: i) 3 sub-phases (a.1–a.3) during an arid early phase (HS1a; ∼18.4–17.2 kyr BP), ii) a humid middle phase (HS1b; ∼17.2–16.7 kyr BP), and iii) 3 sub-phases (c.1–c.3) during an arid late phase (HS1c; ∼16.7–15.6 kyr BP). This climatic subdivision is regionally supported by SST oscillations from the Mediterranean Sea, suggesting a strong land-ocean relationship. A cyclostratigraphic analysis of our pollen data indicates that HS1 climate variability, and thus this subdivision, is characterized by &sim:2000 and ∼800-yr periodicities, suggesting solar forcing controlling climate in this area.

This preprint has been withdrawn.

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Jon Camuera, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, María J. Ramos-Román, Antonio García-Alix, Francisco Jiménez-Espejo, Jaime L. Toney, R. Scott Anderson, and Cole Webster

Interactive discussion

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AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Jon Camuera, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, María J. Ramos-Román, Antonio García-Alix, Francisco Jiménez-Espejo, Jaime L. Toney, R. Scott Anderson, and Cole Webster

Data sets

Early record of Heinrich Stadial 1 (pollen data from Padul, southern Spain) J. Camuera, G. Jiménez-Moreno, M. J. Ramos-Román, A. García-Alix, F. J. Jiménez-Espejo, J. L. Toney, S. Anderson, and C. Webster https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.904053

Jon Camuera, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, María J. Ramos-Román, Antonio García-Alix, Francisco Jiménez-Espejo, Jaime L. Toney, R. Scott Anderson, and Cole Webster

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Latest update: 17 Jul 2024
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Short summary
This study presents a unique high-resolution terrestrial paleoclimate record between 20,000 and 11,000 cal yr BP from the Padul wetland (S Spain) that allowed the identification of 3 main phases within the cold and arid Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1) and, for the first time, a further subdivision of HS1 in 7 centennial-scale sub-phases.