Articles | Volume 18, issue 1
Clim. Past, 18, 45–65, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-45-2022

Special issue: Interdisciplinary studies of volcanic impacts on climate and...

Clim. Past, 18, 45–65, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-45-2022
Research article
18 Jan 2022
Research article | 18 Jan 2022

No evidence for tephra in Greenland from the historic eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE: implications for geochronology and paleoclimatology

Gill Plunkett et al.

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Cited articles

Abbott, P. M., Plunkett, G., Corona, C., Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Pilcher, J. R., Stoffel, M., and Sigl, M.: Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of volcanic events in the 1450s CE and assessing the eruption's climatic impact, Clim. Past, 17, 565–585, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-565-2021, 2021. 
Abram, N. J., McGregor, H. V., Tierney, J. E., Evans, M. N., McKay, N. P., Kaufman, D. S., and PAGES 2k Consortium: Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents, Nature, 536, 411–418, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19082, 2016. 
Adolphi, F. and Muscheler, R.: Synchronizing the Greenland ice core and radiocarbon timescales over the Holocene – Bayesian wiggle-matching of cosmogenic radionuclide records, Clim. Past, 12, 15–30, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-15-2016, 2016. 
Albert, P. G., Smith, V. C., Suzuki, T., McLean, D., Tomlinson, E. L., Miyabuchi, Y., Kitaba, I., Mark, D. F., Moriwaki, H., Members, S. P., and Nakagawa, T.: Geochemical characterisation of the Late Quaternary widespread Japanese tephrostratigraphic markers and correlations to the Lake Suigetsu sedimentary archive (SG06 core), Quat. Geochronol., 52, 103–131, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2019.01.005, 2019. 
Andreastuti, S. D.: Stratigraphy and geochemistry of Merapi Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia: implication for assessment of volcanic hazards, PhD thesis, University of Auckland, Auckland, 1999. 
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Short summary
We report the identification of volcanic ash associated with a sulfate layer in Greenland ice cores previously thought to have been from the Vesuvius 79 CE eruption and which had been used to confirm the precise dating of the Greenland ice-core chronology. We find that the tephra was probably produced by an eruption in Alaska. We show the importance of verifying sources of volcanic signals in ice cores through ash analysis to avoid errors in dating ice cores and interpreting volcanic impacts.