Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Clim. Past, 17, 2559–2576, 2021
Clim. Past, 17, 2559–2576, 2021
Research article
10 Dec 2021
Research article | 10 Dec 2021

A new perspective on permafrost boundaries in France during the Last Glacial Maximum

Kim H. Stadelmaier et al.

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Cited articles

Andrieux, E., Bertran, P., Antoine, P., Deschodt, L., Lenoble, A., Coutard, S., Ajas, A., Borderie, Q., Coutard, J.-P., Didierjean, F., Dousteyssier, B., Ferrier, C., Gardère, P., Gé, T., Liard, M., Locht, J.-L., Naton, H.-G., Rué, M., Sitzia, L., Van Vliet-Lanoe, B., and Vernet, G.: Database of pleistocene periglacial featuresin France: description of the online version, Quaternaire, 27, 329–339,, 2016a (data available at:, last access: 6 December 2021)​​​​​​​. a
Andrieux, E., Bertran, P., and Saito, K.: Spatial analysis of the French Pleistocene permafrost by a GIS database, Permafrost. Periglac., 27, 17–30,, 2016b. a, b, c, d, e, f
Andrieux, E., Bateman, M. D., and Bertran, P.: The chronology of Late Pleistocene thermal contraction cracking derived from sand wedge OSL dating in central and southern France, Global Planet. Change, 162, 84–100,, 2018. a, b, c
Annan, J. D. and Hargreaves, J. C.: A new global reconstruction of temperature changes at the Last Glacial Maximum, Clim. Past, 9, 367–376,, 2013. a, b
Antoine, P., Catt, J., Lautridou, J.-P., and Sommé, J.: The loess and coversands of northern France and southern England, J. Quaternary Sci., 18, 309–318,, 2003. a
Short summary
We use regional climate simulations for the Last Glacial Maximum to reconstruct permafrost and to identify areas of thermal contraction cracking of the ground in western Europe. We find ground cracking, a precondition for the development of permafrost proxies, south of the probable permafrost border, implying that permafrost was not the limiting factor for proxy development. A good agreement with permafrost and climate proxy data is achieved when easterly winds are modelled more frequently.