Articles | Volume 12, issue 6
Clim. Past, 12, 1313–1338, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1313-2016
Clim. Past, 12, 1313–1338, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1313-2016
Research article
08 Jun 2016
Research article | 08 Jun 2016

Greenland Ice Sheet influence on Last Interglacial climate: global sensitivity studies performed with an atmosphere–ocean general circulation model

Madlene Pfeiffer and Gerrit Lohmann

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Cited articles

Bakker, P. and Renssen, H.: Last interglacial model-data mismatch of thermal maximum temperatures partially explained, Clim. Past, 10, 1633–1644, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-1633-2014, 2014.
Bakker, P., Van Meerbeeck, C. J., and Renssen, H.: Sensitivity of the North Atlantic climate to Greenland Ice Sheet melting during the Last Interglacial, Clim. Past, 8, 995–1009, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-995-2012, 2012.
Bakker, P., Stone, E. J., Charbit, S., Gröger, M., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Ritz, S. P., Varma, V., Khon, V., Lunt, D. J., Mikolajewicz, U., Prange, M., Renssen, H., Schneider, B., and Schulz, M.: Last interglacial temperature evolution – a model inter-comparison, Clim. Past, 9, 605–619, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-605-2013, 2013.
Bakker, P., Masson-Delmotte, V., Martrat, B., Charbit, S., Renssen, H., Gröger, M., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Lohman, G., Lunt, D. J., Pfeiffer, M., Phipps, S. J., Prange, M., Ritz, S. P., Schulz, M., Stenni, B., Stone, E. J., and Varma, V.: Temperature trends during the Present and Last Interglacial periods – a multi-model–data comparison, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 99, 224–243, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.031, 2014.
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Short summary
The Last Interglacial was warmer, with a reduced Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS), compared to the late Holocene. We analyse – through climate model simulations – the impact of a reduced GIS on the global surface air temperature and find a relatively strong warming especially in the Northern Hemisphere. These results are then compared to temperature reconstructions, indicating good agreement with respect to the pattern. However, the simulated temperatures underestimate the proxy-based temperatures.