Articles | Volume 11, issue 6
Technical note
 | Highlight paper
17 Jun 2015
Technical note | Highlight paper |  | 17 Jun 2015

Technical Note: How accurate can stalagmite formation temperatures be determined using vapour bubble radius measurements in fluid inclusions?

F. Spadin, D. Marti, R. Hidalgo-Staub, J. Rička, D. Fleitmann, and M. Frenz

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Cited articles

Affek, H. P., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Matthews, A., and Eiler, J. M.: Glacial/interglacial temperature variations in Soreq cave speleothems as recorded by "clumped isotope" thermometry, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 72, 5351–5360,, 2008.
Fairchild, I. J. and Treble, P.: Trace elements in speleothems as recorders of environmental change, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 28, 449–468, 2009.
Fairchild, I. J., Smith, C. L., Baker, A., Fuller, L., Spotl, C., Mattey, D., and McDermott, F.: Modification and preservation of environmental signals in speleothems, Earth-Sci. Rev., 75, 105–153,, 2006.
Fall, A., Rimstidt, J., and Bodnar, R.: The effect of fluid inclusion size on determination of homogenization temperature and density of liquid-rich aqueous inclusions, Am. Mineral., 94, 1569–1579, 2009.
Ghosh, P., Adkins, J., Affek, H., Balta, B., Guo, W., Schauble, E. A., Schrag, D., and Eiler, J. M.: 13C–18O bonds in carbonate minerals: a new kind of paleothermometer, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 70, 1439–1456,, 2006.
Short summary
Fluid inclusions inside stalagmites retain information on the cave temperature at the time they formed and thus can be used to reconstruct the continental climate of the past. A method for extracting this information based on a thermodynamic model and size measurements of femtosecond-laser-induced vapour bubbles is presented. Applying our method to stalagmites taken from the Milandre cave in the Swiss Jura Mountains demonstrate that palaeotemperatures can be determined with an accuracy of ±1°C.