Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Clim. Past, 16, 2275–2323, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2275-2020

Special issue: PlioMIP Phase 2: experimental design, implementation and scientific...

Clim. Past, 16, 2275–2323, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2275-2020

Research article 20 Nov 2020

Research article | 20 Nov 2020

Contribution of the coupled atmosphere–ocean–sea ice–vegetation model COSMOS to the PlioMIP2

Christian Stepanek et al.

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Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Cenozoic
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Cited articles

Anderson, K., Fawcett, D., Cugulliere, A., Benford, S., Jones, D., and Leng, R.: Vegetation expansion in the subnival Hindu Kush Himalaya, Glob. Change Biol., 1–18, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14919, 2020. a
Ballantyne, A. P., Rybczynski, N., Baker, P. A., Harington, C. R., and White, D.: Pliocene Arctic temperature constraints from the growth rings and isotopic composition of fossil larch, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 242, 188–200, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2006.05.016, 2006. a
Bartoli, G., Hönisch, B., and Zeebe, R. E.: Atmospheric CO2 decline during the Pliocene intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciations, Paleoceanography, 26, PA4213, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010PA002055, 2011. a
Barbi, D., Lohmann, G., Grosfeld, K., and Thoma, M.: Ice sheet dynamics within an earth system model: downscaling, coupling and first results, Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 2003–2013, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-2003-2014, 2014. a
Beckmann, A. and Döscher, R.: A Method for Improved Representation of Dense Water Spreading over Topography in Geopotential-Coordinate Models, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 581–591, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1997)027<0581:AMFIRO>2.0.CO;2, 1997. a
Short summary
Future climate is expected to be warmer than today. We study climate based on simulations of the mid-Pliocene (about 3 million years ago), which was a time of elevated temperatures, and discuss implications for the future. Our results are provided towards a comparison to both proxy evidence and output of other climate models. We simulate a mid-Pliocene climate that is both warmer and wetter than today. Some climate characteristics can be more directly transferred to the near future than others.