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CP | Articles | Volume 14, issue 12
Clim. Past, 14, 1869–1879, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1869-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: The 4.2 ka BP climatic event

Clim. Past, 14, 1869–1879, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1869-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 30 Nov 2018

Research article | 30 Nov 2018

Evaluating the timing and structure of the 4.2 ka event in the Indian summer monsoon domain from an annually resolved speleothem record from Northeast India

Gayatri Kathayat et al.

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Cited articles

Arz, H. W., Lamy, F., and Pätzold, J.: A pronounced dry event recorded around 4.2 ka in brine sediments from the northern Red Sea, Quaternary Res., 66, 432–441, 2006. 
Baker, A., Ito, E., Smart, P. L., and McEwan, R. F.: Elevated and variable values of 13C in speleothems in a British cave system, Chem. Geol., 136, 263–270, 1997. 
Berkelhammer, M., Sinha, A., Stott, L., Cheng, H., Pausata, F., and Yoshimura, K.: An abrupt shift in the Indian monsoon 4000 years ago, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 198, 75–88, 2012. 
Breitenbach, S. F., Adkins, J. F., Meyer, H., Marwan, N., Kumar, K. K., and Haug, G. H.: Strong influence of water vapor source dynamics on stable isotopes in precipitation observed in Southern Meghalaya, NE India, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 292, 212–220, 2010. 
Breitenbach, S. F. M., Rehfeld, K., Goswami, B., Baldini, J. U. L., Ridley, H. E., Kennett, D. J., Prufer, K. M., Aquino, V. V., Asmerom, Y., Polyak, V. J., Cheng, H., Kurths, J., and Marwan, N.: COnstructing Proxy Records from Age models (COPRA), Clim. Past, 8, 1765–1779, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-1765-2012, 2012. 
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Short summary
The 4.2 ka event is generally characterized as an approximately 300-year period of major global climate anomaly. However, the climatic manifestation of this event remains unclear in the Indian monsoon domain. Our high-resolution and precisely dated speleothem record from Meghalaya, India, characterizes the event as consisting of a series of multi-decadal droughts between 3.9 and 4.0 ka rather than a singular pulse of multi-centennial drought as previously thought.
The 4.2 ka event is generally characterized as an approximately 300-year period of major global...
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