Articles | Volume 15, issue 1
Clim. Past, 15, 291–305, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-291-2019

Special issue: PlioMIP Phase 2: experimental design, implementation and scientific...

Clim. Past, 15, 291–305, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-291-2019

Research article 13 Feb 2019

Research article | 13 Feb 2019

Contribution of sea ice albedo and insulation effects to Arctic amplification in the EC-Earth Pliocene simulation

Jianqiu Zheng et al.

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Cited articles

Alexander, M. A., Bhatt, U. S., Walsh, J. E., Timlin, M. S., Miller, J. S., and Scott, J. D.: The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter, J. Climate, 17, 890–905, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<0890:TARTRA>2.0.CO;2, 2004. 
Alexeev, V. A., Ivanov, V. V., Kwok, R., and Smedsrud, L. H.: North Atlantic warming and declining volume of arctic sea ice, The Cryosphere Discuss., 7, 245–265, https://doi.org/10.5194/tcd-7-245-2013, 2013. 
Ballantyne, A. P., Axford, Y., Miller, G. H., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Rosenbloom, N., and White, J. W.: The amplification of Arctic terrestrial surface temperatures by reduced sea-ice extent during the Pliocene, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 386, 59–67, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.05.002, 2013. 
Balsamo, G., Beljaars, A., Scipal, K., Viterbo, P., van den Hurk, B., Hirschi, M., and Betts, A. K.: A revised hydrology for the ECMWF model: Verification from field site to terrestrial water storage and impact in the Integrated Forecast System, J. Hydrometeorol., 10, 623–643, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JHM1068.1, 2009. 
Bintanja, R. and Selten, F. M.: Future increases in Arctic precipitation linked to local evaporation and sea-ice retreat, Nature, 509, 479–482, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13259, 2014. 
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This paper addresses two important issues with the EC-Earth Pliocene simulation, including the following: (1) quantification of albedo and insulation effects of Arctic sea ice on interface heat exchange and (2) an explanation as to why Arctic amplification in surface air temperature (SST) peaks in winter while there is maximum SST warming in summer. These issues provide potential implications for researching Arctic amplification and climate change.