Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1861-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1861-2019
Research article
 | 
17 Oct 2019
Research article |  | 17 Oct 2019

The extreme drought of 1842 in Europe as described by both documentary data and instrumental measurements

Rudolf Brázdil, Gaston R. Demarée, Andrea Kiss, Petr Dobrovolný, Kateřina Chromá, Miroslav Trnka, Lukáš Dolák, Ladislava Řezníčková, Pavel Zahradníček, Danuta Limanowka, and Sylvie Jourdain

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Cited articles

Adámek, K. V.: Památní kniha školy hlinecké od roku 1833 (The “Book of Memory” kept by the school in Hlinsko, 1833 onwards), Zprávy Musea okresu hlineckého, 1, 27–40, 1908. 
Allan, R. and Ansell, T.: A new globally complete monthly historical gridded mean sea level pressure dataset (HadSLP2): 1850–2004, J. Climate, 19, 5816–5842, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3937.1, 2006. 
Belgrand: La Seine – Études hydrologiques – Régime de la pluie, des sources, des eaux courantes – Applications a l'agriculture, Dunod, Éditeur, Paris, 1872. 
Bělínová, M. and Brázdil, R.: Meteorologická pozorování c. k. Vlastenecko-hospodářské společnosti v Čechách v letech 1817–1847 (Meteorological observations of I. R. Patriotic-Economic Society in Bohemia in the years 1817–1847), Meteorol. Zpr., 65, 13–22, 2012. 
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Short summary
The paper presents analysis of the 1842 drought in Europe (except the Mediterranean) based on documentary data and instrumental records. First the meteorological background of this drought is shown (seasonal distribution of precipitation, annual variation of temperature, precipitation and drought indices, synoptic reasons) and effects of drought on water management, agriculture, and in society are described in detail with particular attention to human responses.