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CP | Articles | Volume 15, issue 3
Clim. Past, 15, 1133–1151, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1133-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Clim. Past, 15, 1133–1151, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1133-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 26 Jun 2019

Research article | 26 Jun 2019

Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate

Chuncheng Guo et al.

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Abe-Ouchi, A., Segawa, T., and Saito, F.: Climatic Conditions for modelling the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets throughout the ice age cycle, Clim. Past, 3, 423–438, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-3-423-2007, 2007. a
Adkins, J. F., McIntyre, K., and Schrag, D. P.: The Salinity, Temperature, and δ18O of the Glacial Deep Ocean, Science, 298, 1769–1773, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1076252, 2002. a
Annan, J. D. and Hargreaves, J. C.: A new global reconstruction of temperature changes at the Last Glacial Maximum, Clim. Past, 9, 367–376, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-367-2013, 2013. a
Barron, E. and Pollard, D.: High-Resolution Climate Simulations of Oxygen Isotope Stage 3 in Europe, Quaternary Res., 58, 296–309, https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.2002.2374, 2002. a
Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Debernard, J. B., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Drange, H., Roelandt, C., Seierstad, I. A., Hoose, C., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-687-2013, 2013. a, b
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We present an equilibrium simulation of the climate of Marine Isotope Stage 3, with an IPCC-class model with a relatively high model resolution and a long integration. The simulated climate resembles a warm interstadial state, as indicated by reconstructions of Greenland temperature, sea ice extent, and AMOC. Sensitivity experiments to changes in atmospheric CO2 levels and ice sheet size show that the model is in a relatively stable climate state without multiple equilibria.
We present an equilibrium simulation of the climate of Marine Isotope Stage 3, with an...
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