Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
Clim. Past, 12, 923–941, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-923-2016
Clim. Past, 12, 923–941, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-923-2016

Research article 15 Apr 2016

Research article | 15 Apr 2016

The biogeophysical climatic impacts of anthropogenic land use change during the Holocene

M. Clare Smith et al.

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We used climate modelling to estimate the biogeophysical impacts of agriculture on the climate over the last 8000 years of the Holocene. Our results show statistically significant surface temperature changes (mainly cooling) from as early as 7000 BP in the JJA season and throughout the entire annual cycle by 2–3000 BP. The changes were greatest in the areas of land use change but were also seen in other areas. Precipitation was also affected, particularly in Europe, India, and the ITCZ region.