Articles | Volume 11, issue 6
Clim. Past, 11, 939–958, 2015
Clim. Past, 11, 939–958, 2015

Research article 24 Jun 2015

Research article | 24 Jun 2015

Reconciling reconstructed and simulated features of the winter Pacific/North American pattern in the early 19th century

D. Zanchettin et al.

Related authors

Enhanced 20th-century heat transfer to the Arctic simulated in the context of climate variations over the last millennium
J. H. Jungclaus, K. Lohmann, and D. Zanchettin
Clim. Past, 10, 2201–2213,,, 2014
Short summary
Inter-hemispheric asymmetry in the sea-ice response to volcanic forcing simulated by MPI-ESM (COSMOS-Mill)
D. Zanchettin, O. Bothe, C. Timmreck, J. Bader, A. Beitsch, H.-F. Graf, D. Notz, and J. H. Jungclaus
Earth Syst. Dynam., 5, 223–242,,, 2014

Related subject area

Subject: Teleconnections | Archive: Terrestrial Archives | Timescale: Centennial-Decadal
Western Mediterranean hydro-climatic consequences of Holocene ice-rafted debris (Bond) events
Christoph Zielhofer, Anne Köhler, Steffen Mischke, Abdelfattah Benkaddour, Abdeslam Mikdad, and William J. Fletcher
Clim. Past, 15, 463–475,,, 2019
Short summary
ENSO flavors in a tree-ring δ18O record of Tectona grandis from Indonesia
K. Schollaen, C. Karamperidou, P. Krusic, E. Cook, and G. Helle
Clim. Past, 11, 1325–1333,,, 2015
Short summary
On the low-frequency component of the ENSO–Indian monsoon relationship: a paired proxy perspective
M. Berkelhammer, A. Sinha, M. Mudelsee, H. Cheng, K. Yoshimura, and J. Biswas
Clim. Past, 10, 733–744,,, 2014

Cited articles

Ammann, C. M., Joos, F., Schimel, D. S., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., and Tomas, R. A.: Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate System Model, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 3713–3718, 2007.
Anet, J. G., Muthers, S., Rozanov, E. V., Raible, C. C., Stenke, A., Shapiro, A. I., Brönnimann, S., Arfeuille, F., Brugnara, Y., Beer, J., Steinhilber, F., Schmutz, W., and Peter, T.: Impact of solar versus volcanic activity variations on tropospheric temperatures and precipitation during the Dalton Minimum, Clim. Past, 10, 921–938,, 2014.
Barnston, A. G. and Livezey, R. E.: Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 1083–1126, 1987.
Baxter, S. and Nigam, S.: A subseasonal teleconnection analysis: PNA development and its relationship to the NAO, J. Climate, 26, 6733–674, 2013.
Berdahl, M. and Robock, A.: Northern Hemispheric cryosphere response to volcanic eruptions in the Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project 3 last millennium simulations, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 359–12,370,, 2013.
Short summary
A discrepancy exists between reconstructed and simulated Pacific North American pattern (PNA) features during the early 19th century. Pseudo-reconstructions demonstrate that the available PNA reconstruction is potentially skillful but also potentially affected by a number of sources of uncertainty and deficiencies especially at multidecadal and centennial timescales. Simulations and reconstructions can be reconciled by attributing the reconstructed PNA features to internal variability.