Articles | Volume 11, issue 2
Clim. Past, 11, 175–185, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-175-2015

Special issue: Integrated analysis of interglacial climate dynamics

Clim. Past, 11, 175–185, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-175-2015

Research article 06 Feb 2015

Research article | 06 Feb 2015

North African vegetation–precipitation feedback in early and mid-Holocene climate simulations with CCSM3-DGVM

R. Rachmayani et al.

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Cited articles

Bathiany, S., Claussen, M., and Fraedrich, K.: Implications of climate variability for the detection of multiple equilibria and for rapid transitions in the atmosphere-vegetation system, Clim. Dynam., 38, 1775–1790, 2012.
Berger, A.: Long-term variations of daily insolation and Quaternary climatic change, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 2362–2367, 1978.
Beyerle, U., Rueedi, J., Leuenberger, M., Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Peeters, F., Kipfer, R., and Dodo, A.: Evidence for periods of wetter and cooler climate in the Sahel between 6 and 40 kyr BP derived from groundwater, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1173, https://doi.org/10.1029/2002GL016310, 2003.
Bonan, G. B. and Levis, S.: Evaluating aspects of the Community Land and Atmosphere Models (CLM3 and CAM) using a dynamic global vegetation model, J. Climate, 19, 2290–2301, 2006.
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Short summary
The role of vegetation-precipitation feedbacks in modifying the North African rainfall response to enhanced early to mid-Holocene summer insolation is analysed using the climate-vegetation model CCSM3-DGVM. Dynamic vegetation amplifies the positive early to mid-Holocene summer precipitation anomaly by ca. 20% in the Sahara-Sahel region. The primary vegetation feedback operates through surface latent heat flux anomalies by canopy evapotranspiration and their effect on the African easterly jet.