Articles | Volume 19, issue 2
Research article
03 Feb 2023
Research article |  | 03 Feb 2023

Climatic and societal impacts in Scandinavia following the 536 and 540 CE volcanic double event

Evelien van Dijk, Ingar Mørkestøl Gundersen, Anna de Bode, Helge Høeg, Kjetil Loftsgarden, Frode Iversen, Claudia Timmreck, Johann Jungclaus, and Kirstin Krüger


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on cp-2022-23', Felix Riede, 11 May 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Evelien van Dijk, 25 Jul 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on cp-2022-23', Anonymous Referee #2, 07 Jun 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC2', Evelien van Dijk, 25 Jul 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (06 Sep 2022) by Francis Ludlow
AR by Evelien van Dijk on behalf of the Authors (10 Sep 2022)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (27 Oct 2022) by Francis Ludlow
AR by Evelien van Dijk on behalf of the Authors (03 Nov 2022)  Author's response   Manuscript 
Short summary
The mid-6th century was one of the coldest periods of the last 2000 years as characterized by great societal changes. Here, we study the effect of the volcanic double event in 536 CE and 540 CE on climate and society in southern Norway. The combined climate and growing degree day models and high-resolution pollen and archaeological records reveal that the northern and western sites are vulnerable to crop failure with possible abandonment of farms, whereas the southeastern site is more resilient.