Articles | Volume 19, issue 2
Research article
03 Feb 2023
Research article |  | 03 Feb 2023

Climatic and societal impacts in Scandinavia following the 536 and 540 CE volcanic double event

Evelien van Dijk, Ingar Mørkestøl Gundersen, Anna de Bode, Helge Høeg, Kjetil Loftsgarden, Frode Iversen, Claudia Timmreck, Johann Jungclaus, and Kirstin Krüger

Data sets

MPI-ESM 521-680 CE ensemble Stephan Lorenz

Short summary
The mid-6th century was one of the coldest periods of the last 2000 years as characterized by great societal changes. Here, we study the effect of the volcanic double event in 536 CE and 540 CE on climate and society in southern Norway. The combined climate and growing degree day models and high-resolution pollen and archaeological records reveal that the northern and western sites are vulnerable to crop failure with possible abandonment of farms, whereas the southeastern site is more resilient.