Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
Clim. Past, 18, 579–606, 2022
Clim. Past, 18, 579–606, 2022
Review article
 | Highlight paper
30 Mar 2022
Review article  | Highlight paper | 30 Mar 2022

Arctic glaciers and ice caps through the Holocene:a circumpolar synthesis of lake-based reconstructions

Laura J. Larocca and Yarrow Axford

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Large-scale features of Last Interglacial climate: results from evaluating the lig127k simulations for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6)–Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP4)
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Subject: Continental Surface Processes | Archive: Terrestrial Archives | Timescale: Holocene
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Cited articles

Adamson, K., Lane, T., Carney, M., Bishop, T., and Delaney, C.: High-resolution proglacial lake records of pre-Little Ice Age glacier advance, northeast Greenland, Boreas, 48, 535–550,, 2019. 
Allaart, L., Schomacker, A., Larsen, N. K., Nørmark, E., Rydningen, T. A., Farnsworth, W. R., Retelle, M., Brynjólfsson, S., Forwick, M., and Kjellman, S. E.: Glacial history of the Åsgardfonna Ice Cap, NE Spitsbergen, since the last glaciation, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 251, 106717,, 2021. 
Anderson, L. S., Geirsdóttir, Á., Flowers, G. E., Wickert, A. D., Aðalgeirsdóttir, G., and Thorsteinsson, T.: Controls on the lifespans of Icelandic ice caps, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 527, 115780,, 2019. 
Andreev, A. A., Lubinski, D. J., Bobrov, A. A., Ingólfsson, Ó., Forman, S. L., Tarasov, P. E., and Möller, P.: Early Holocene environments on October Revolution Island, Severnaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 267, 21–30,, 2008. 
Axford, Y., Lasher, G. E., Kelly, M. A., Osterberg, E. C., Landis, J., Schellinger, G. C., Pfeiffer, A., Thompson, E., and Francis, D. R.: Holocene temperature history of northwest Greenland–With new ice cap constraints and chironomid assemblages from Deltasø, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 215, 160–172,, 2019. 
Short summary
This paper synthesizes 66 records of glacier variations over the Holocene from lake archives across seven Arctic regions. We find that summers only moderately warmer than today drove major environmental change across the Arctic in the early Holocene, including the widespread loss of glaciers. In comparison, future projections of Arctic temperature change far exceed estimated early Holocene values in most locations, portending the eventual loss of most of the Arctic's small glaciers.