Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Clim. Past, 17, 887–911, 2021
Clim. Past, 17, 887–911, 2021

Research article 22 Apr 2021

Research article | 22 Apr 2021

Dynamics of the Mediterranean droughts from 850 to 2099 CE in the Community Earth System Model

Woon Mi Kim and Christoph C. Raible

Related authors

Statistical characteristics of extreme daily precipitation during 1501 BCE–1849 CE in the Community Earth System Model
Woon Mi Kim, Richard Blender, Michael Sigl, Martina Messmer, and Christoph C. Raible
Clim. Past Discuss.,,, 2021
Preprint under review for CP
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Atmospheric Dynamics | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Decadal-Seasonal
A pseudoproxy assessment of data assimilation for reconstructing the atmosphere–ocean dynamics of hydroclimate extremes
Nathan J. Steiger and Jason E. Smerdon
Clim. Past, 13, 1435–1449,,, 2017
Synoptic climatology and recent climate trends at Lake El'gygytgyn
M. Nolan, E. N. Cassano, and J. J. Cassano
Clim. Past, 9, 1271–1286,,, 2013

Cited articles

Alpert, P., Neeman, B., and Shay-El, Y.: Climatological analysis of Mediterranean cyclones using ECMWF data, Tellus A, 42, 65–77,, 1990. a, b
Babst, F., Bodesheim, P., Charney, N., Friend, A. D., Girardin, M. P., Klesse, S., Moore, D. J. P., Seftigen, K., Björklund, J., Bouriaud, O., Dawson, A., DeRose, R. J., Dietze, M. C., Eckes, A. H., Enquist, B., Frank, D. C., Mahecha, M. D., Poulter, B., Record, S., Trouet, V., Turton, R. H., Zhang, Z., and Evans, M. E. K.: When tree rings go global: challenges and opportunities for retro-and prospective insight, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 197, 1–20,, 2018. a
Barnston, A. G. and Livezey, R. E.: Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 1083–1126,<1083:CSAPOL>2.0.CO;2, 1987. a
Bellenger, H., Guilyardi, É., Leloup, J., Lengaigne, M., and Vialard, J.: ENSO representation in climate models: From CMIP3 to CMIP5, Clim. Dynam., 42, 1999–2018,, 2014. a
Berg, A., Sheffield, J., and Milly, P. C.: Divergent surface and total soil moisture projections under global warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 236–244,, 2017. a, b, c
Short summary
The analysis of the dynamics of western central Mediterranean droughts for 850–2099 CE in the Community Earth System Model indicates that past Mediterranean droughts were driven by the internal variability. This internal variability is more important during the initial years of droughts. During the transition years, the longevity of droughts is defined by the land–atmosphere feedbacks. In the future, this land–atmosphere feedbacks are intensified, causing a constant dryness over the region.