Articles | Volume 17, issue 3
Clim. Past, 17, 1051–1064, 2021
Clim. Past, 17, 1051–1064, 2021

Research article 18 May 2021

Research article | 18 May 2021

The speleothem oxygen record as a proxy for thermal or moisture changes: a case study of multiproxy records from MIS 5–MIS 6 speleothems from the Demänová Cave system

Jacek Pawlak

Related subject area

Subject: Proxy Use-Development-Validation | Archive: Terrestrial Archives | Timescale: Pleistocene
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S. Jasechko, A. Lechler, F. S. R. Pausata, P. J. Fawcett, T. Gleeson, D. I. Cendón, J. Galewsky, A. N. LeGrande, C. Risi, Z. D. Sharp, J. M. Welker, M. Werner, and K. Yoshimura
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Cited articles

Andersen, K., Azuma, N., Barnola, J. M., Bigler, M., Biscaye, P., Caillon, N., Chappellaz, J., Clausen, H. B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Fisher, H., Flückiger, J., Fritzsche, D., Fujii, Y., Goto-Azuma, K., Grønvold, K., Gundestrup, N. S., Hansson, M., Huber, C., Hvidberg, C. S., Johnsen, S. J., Jonsell, U. Y., Jouzel, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Landais, A., Leuenberger, M., Lorrain, R., Masson-Delmotte, V., Miller, H., Motoyama, H., Narita, H., Popp, T., Rasmussen, S. O., Raynaud, D., Röthlisberger, R., Ruth, U., Samyn, D., Schwander, J., Shoji, H., Siggaard-Andersen, M. J., Steffensen, J. P., Stocker, T., Sveinbjörnsdottir, A. E., Svensson, A. M., Takata, M., Tison, J. L., Thorsteinsson, Th., Watanabe, O., Wilhelms, F., and White, J. W. C.: High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period, Nature, 431, 147–151, 2004. 
Baker, A., Hartmann, A., Duan, W., Hankin, S., Comas-Bru, L., Cuthbert, M. O., Treble, P. C., Banner, J., Genty, D. Baldini, L.M, Bartolomé, M., Moreno, A., Pérez-Mejías, C., and Werner, M.: Global analysis reveals climatic controls on the oxygen isotope composition of cave drip water, Nat Commun., 10, 2984,, 2019. 
Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Gilmour, M., Matthews, A., and Hawkesworth, C. J.: Sea–land oxygen isotopic relationships from planktonic foraminifera and speleothems in the Eastern Mediterranean region and their implication for paleorainfall during interglacial intervals, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 67, 3181–3199, 2003. 
Bella, P.: Remarks on the genesis of the Demänová Cave System, Slovenský kras, 31, 43–53, 1993 (in Slovak, English abstract). 
Bella, P., Gradziński, M., Hercman, H., Leszczyński, S., and Nemec, W.: Sedimentary anatomy and hydrological record of relic fluvial deposits in a karst cave conduit, Sedimentology, 68, 425–448, 2021. 
Short summary
Presently, central Europe is under the influence of two types of climate, transitional and continental. The 60 ka long multiproxy speleothem dataset from Slovakia records the climate of the Last Interglacial cycle and its transition to the Last Glacial. The interpretation of stable isotopic composition and trace element content proxies helps to distinguish which factor had the strongest influence on the δ18O record shape: the local temperature, the humidity or the source effect.