Articles | Volume 14, issue 10
Review article
22 Oct 2018
Review article |  | 22 Oct 2018

The 4.2 ka BP event in the Levant

David Kaniewski, Nick Marriner, Rachid Cheddadi, Joël Guiot, and Elise Van Campo

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Cited articles

Arz, H. W., Lamy, F., Pätzold, P., Müller, P. J., and Prins, M.: Mediterranean moisture source for early-Holocene humid period in the Red Sea, Science, 300, 118–121, 2003. 
Arz, H. W., Lamy, F., and Pätzold, J.: A pronounced dry event recorded around 4.2 ka in brine sediments from the northern Red Sea, Quaternary Res., 66, 432–441, 2006. 
Baioumy, H. M., Kayanne, H., and Tada, R.: Reconstruction of lake-level and climate changes in Lake Qarun, Egypt, during the last 7000 years, J. Great Lakes Res., 36, 318–327, 2010. 
Baker, P., Fritz, S., Burns, S., Ekdahl, E., and Rigsby, C.: The nature and origin of decadal to millennial scale climate variability in the southern tropics of South America: the Holocene record of Lago Umayo, Peru, in: Past climate variability in South America and surrounding regions: from the last glacial maximum to the Holocene, Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research 14, edited by: Vimeux, F., Sylvestre, F., and Khodri, M., Springer-Verlag, 301–322, 2009. 
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Short summary
Studies have long suggested that a protracted drought phase, termed the 4.2 ka BP event, directly impacted subsistence systems (dry farming agro-production, pastoral nomadism, and fishing) and outlying nomad habitats, forcing rain-fed cereal agriculturalists into habitat-tracking when agro-innovations were not available. Here, we focus on this crucial period to examine whether drought was active in the eastern Mediterranean Old World, especially in the Levant.