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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 12, issue 8
Clim. Past, 12, 1681–1691, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1681-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Clim. Past, 12, 1681–1691, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1681-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 19 Aug 2016

Research article | 19 Aug 2016

The South American monsoon variability over the last millennium in climate models

Maisa Rojas et al.

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Cited articles

Apaéstegui, J., Cruz, F. W., Sifeddine, A., Vuille, M., Espinoza, J. C., Guyot, J. L., Khodri, M., Strikis, N., Santos, R. V., Cheng, H., Edwards, L., Carvalho, E., and Santini, W.: Hydroclimate variability of the northwestern Amazon Basin near the Andean foothills of Peru related to the South American Monsoon System during the last 1600 years, Clim. Past, 10, 1967–1981, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-1967-2014, 2014.
Asmerom, Y., Polyak, V. J., Rasmussen, J. B. T., Burns, S. J., and Lachniet, M.: Multidecadal to multicentury scale collapses of Northern Hemisphere monsoons over the past millennium, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110, 9651–9656, 2013.
Bird, B. W., Abbott, M. B., Vuille, M., Rodbell, D. T., Stansell, N. D., and Rosenmeier, M. F.: A 2300-year-long annually resolved record of the South American summer monsoon from the Peruvian Andes, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 108, 8583–8588, doi/10.1073/pnas.1003719108, 2011.
Bombardi, R. J. and Carvalho, L. M. V.: The South Atlantic dipole and variations in the characteristics of the South American Monsoon in the WCRP-CMIP3 multi-model simulations, Clim. Dynam., 36, 2091–2102, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0836-9, 2011.
Bosmans, J. H. C., Drijfhout, S. S., Tuenter, E., Lourens, L. J., Hilgen, F. J., and Weber, S. L.: Monsoonal response to mid-holocene orbital forcing in a high resolution GCM, Clim. Past, 8, 723–740, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-723-2012, 2012.
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Recent work shows that during the most prominent climate anomalies during the last millennium, the Medieval Climate Anomaly (ca. 950–1250) and the Little Ice Age (ca. 1450–1850), the South American monsoon system (SAMS) was drier and wetter, respectively. We investigate if this variability in the SAMS is reproduced in the latest set of climate simulations that cover these periods. Despite weak forcing, through analysis of the large-scale circulation we find this signal in the models.
Recent work shows that during the most prominent climate anomalies during the last millennium,...
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