Articles | Volume 11, issue 12
Clim. Past, 11, 1673–1699, 2015
Clim. Past, 11, 1673–1699, 2015

Research article 16 Dec 2015

Research article | 16 Dec 2015

Continental-scale temperature variability in PMIP3 simulations and PAGES 2k regional temperature reconstructions over the past millennium

PAGES 2k-PMIP3 group

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Centennial-Decadal
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Clim. Past, 16, 79–99,,, 2020
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Oceanic response to changes in the WAIS and astronomical forcing during the MIS31 superinterglacial
Flavio Justino, Douglas Lindemann, Fred Kucharski, Aaron Wilson, David Bromwich, and Frode Stordal
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Clim. Past, 13, 545–557,,, 2017
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Using simulations of the last millennium to understand climate variability seen in palaeo-observations: similar variation of Iceland–Scotland overflow strength and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
K. Lohmann, J. Mignot, H. R. Langehaug, J. H. Jungclaus, D. Matei, O. H. Otterå, Y. Q. Gao, T. L. Mjell, U. S. Ninnemann, and H. F. Kleiven
Clim. Past, 11, 203–216,,, 2015
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Impact of solar versus volcanic activity variations on tropospheric temperatures and precipitation during the Dalton Minimum
J. G. Anet, S. Muthers, E. V. Rozanov, C. C. Raible, A. Stenke, A. I. Shapiro, S. Brönnimann, F. Arfeuille, Y. Brugnara, J. Beer, F. Steinhilber, W. Schmutz, and T. Peter
Clim. Past, 10, 921–938,,, 2014

Cited articles

Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., Vimeux, F., Phipps, S. J., Turner, J., and England, M. H.: Evolution of the Southern Annular Mode during the past millennium, Nature Climate Change, 4, 564–569, 2014.
Allen, M. R. and Stott, P. A.: Estimating signal amplitudes in optimal fingerprinting, Part I: Theory, Clim. Dynam., 21, 477–491, 2003.
Ammann, C. M., Joos, F., Schimel, D. S., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., and Tomas, R. A.: Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate System Model. P. Natl. Acad. Scil USA, 104, 3713–3718,, 2007.
Anderson, J. L.: A method for producing and evaluating probabilistic forecasts from ensemble model integrations, J. Climate, 9, 1518–1530, 1996.
Short summary
A comparison of model simulations and reconstructions at the continental scale over the past millennium indicates that models are in relatively good agreement with temperature reconstructions for Northern Hemisphere regions, particularly in the Arctic. This is likely due to the relatively large amplitude of the externally forced response across northern and high-latitudes regions. Conversely, models disagree strongly with the reconstructions in the Southern Hemisphere.