Articles | Volume 19, issue 9
Research article
15 Sep 2023
Research article |  | 15 Sep 2023

Atmosphere–cryosphere interactions during the last phase of the Last Glacial Maximum (21 ka) in the European Alps

Costanza Del Gobbo, Renato R. Colucci, Giovanni Monegato, Manja Žebre, and Filippo Giorgi

Related authors

The Glaciers of the Dolomites: last 40 years of melting
Andrea Securo, Costanza Del Gobbo, Giovanni Baccolo, Carlo Barbante, Michele Citterio, Fabrizio De Blasi, Marco Marcer, Mauro Valt, and Renato R. Colucci
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Modelling only | Timescale: Pleistocene
Investigating similarities and differences of the penultimate and last glacial terminations with a coupled ice sheet–climate model
Aurélien Quiquet and Didier M. Roche
Clim. Past, 20, 1365–1385,,, 2024
Short summary
Last Glacial Maximum climate and atmospheric circulation over the Australian region from climate models
Yanxuan Du, Josephine R. Brown, and J. M. Kale Sniderman
Clim. Past, 20, 393–413,,, 2024
Short summary
Uncertainties originating from GCM downscaling and bias correction with application to the MIS-11c Greenland Ice Sheet
Brian R. Crow, Lev Tarasov, Michael Schulz, and Matthias Prange
Clim. Past, 20, 281–296,,, 2024
Short summary
Surface mass balance and climate of the Last Glacial Maximum Northern Hemisphere ice sheets: simulations with CESM2.1
Sarah L. Bradley, Raymond Sellevold, Michele Petrini, Miren Vizcaino, Sotiria Georgiou, Jiang Zhu, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, and Marcus Lofverstrom
Clim. Past, 20, 211–235,,, 2024
Short summary
A transient coupled general circulation model (CGCM) simulation of the past 3 million years
Kyung-Sook Yun, Axel Timmermann, Sun-Seon Lee, Matteo Willeit, Andrey Ganopolski, and Jyoti Jadhav
Clim. Past, 19, 1951–1974,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Ahlmann, H. W. S.: Le niveau de glaciation comme fonction de l'accumulation d'humidité sous forme solide: Méthode pour le calcul de l'humidité condensée dans la haute montagne et pour l'étude de la fréquence des glaciers, Geogr. Ann., 6, 223–272,, 1924. 
Amante, C. and Eakins, B.: ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, data sources and analysis, NOAA technical memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA,, 2009. 
Anderson, R. S., Anderson, L. S., Armstrong, W. H., Rossi, M. W., and Crump, S. E.: Glaciation of alpine valleys: The glacier-debris-covered glacier-rock glacier continuum, Geomorphology, 311, 127–142,, 2018. 
Annan, J. D. and Hargreaves, J. C.: A new global reconstruction of temperature changes at the Last Glacial Maximum, Clim. Past, 9, 367–376,, 2013. 
Annan, J. D., Hargreaves, J. C., and Mauritsen, T.: A new global surface temperature reconstruction for the Last Glacial Maximum, Clim. Past, 18, 1883–1896,, 2022. 
Short summary
We studied atmosphere–cryosphere interaction during the last phase of the Last Glacial Maximum in the Alpine region, using a high-resolution regional climate model. We analysed the climate south and north of the Alps, using a detailed map of the Alpine equilibrium line altitude (ELA) to study the mechanism that sustained the Alpine glaciers at 21 ka. The Genoa low and a mild Mediterranean Sea led to frequent snowfall in the southern Alps, thus preserving the glaciers and lowering the ELA.