Articles | Volume 18, issue 9
Review article
 | Highlight paper
14 Sep 2022
Review article | Highlight paper |  | 14 Sep 2022

Shallow marine carbonates as recorders of orbitally induced past climate changes – example from the Oxfordian of the Swiss Jura Mountains

André Strasser

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Cited articles

Abbink, O., Targarona, J., Brinkhuis, H., and Visscher, H.: Late Jurassic to earliest Cretaceous palaeoclimatic evolution of the southern North Sea, Global Planet. Change, 30, 231–256,, 2001. 
Allenbach, R. P.: Synsedimentary tectonics in an epicontinental sea: a new interpretation of the Oxfordian basins of northern Switzerland, Eclogae Geol. Helv., 94, 265–287, 2001. 
Andrieu, S., Brigaud, B., Barbarand, J., Lasseur, E., and Saucède, T.: Disentangling the control of tectonics, eustasy, trophic conditions and climate on shallow-marine carbonate production during the Aalenian–Oxfordian interval: From the western France platform to the western Tethyan domain, Sed. Geol., 345, 54–84,, 2016. 
Amies, J. D., Rohling, E. J., Grant, K. M., Rodriguez-Sanz, L., and Marino, G.: Quantification of African monsoon runoff during last interglacial sapropel S5, Paleoceanogr. Paleoclim., 34, 1487–1516,, 2019. 
Anderson, T. F. and Arthur, M. A.: Stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon and their application to sedimentology and paleoenvironmental problems, SEPM Short Course, 10, 151 p., 1983. 
The paper presents an interesting review of deep time ecosystems and suggests that the interpretation of the evolution of ancient sedimentary systems can be refined and better compared to today’s changes in ecosystems. Concerning the rate of climate change, this study implies that anthropogenically induced global warming and subsequent sea level rise today occurs more than ten times faster than the fastest rise reconstructed for the Oxfordian (159 Ma - 154 Ma)
Short summary
Some 155 million years ago, sediments were deposited in a shallow subtropical sea. Coral reefs formed in a warm and arid climate during high sea level, and clays were washed into the ocean at low sea level and when it rained. Climate and sea level changes were induced by cyclical insolation changes. Analysing the sedimentary record, it appears that sea level rise today (as a result of global warming) is more than 10 times faster than the fastest rise reconstructed from the geologic past.