Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Clim. Past, 17, 791–803, 2021

Special issue: International methods and comparisons in climate reconstruction...

Clim. Past, 17, 791–803, 2021

Research article 07 Apr 2021

Research article | 07 Apr 2021

Building a long-time series for weather and extreme weather in the Straits Settlements: a multi-disciplinary approach to the archives of societies

Fiona Williamson

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Historical Records | Timescale: Instrumental Period
Statistical reconstruction of daily precipitation and temperature fields in Switzerland back to 1864
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Cited articles

Allan, R., Endfield, G., Damodaran, V., Adamson, G., Hannaford, M., Carroll, F., Macdonald, N., Groom, N., Jones, J., Williamson, F., Hendy, E., Holper, P., Arroyo‐Mora, J. P., Hughes, L., Bickers, R., and Bliuc, A.‐M.: Toward integrated historical climate research: the example of the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth, WIREs Climate Change, 7, 164–174,, 2016. 
Ashcroft, L., Gergis, J., and Karoly, D. J.: A Historical climate dataset for southeastern Australia, 1788–1859, Geosci. Data J., 158–178,, 2014. 
Bankoff, G.: Cultures of disaster: Society and Natural Hazards in the Philippines, London, England: Routledge, ISBN 9781138879263, 2003. 
Bastin, J.: Raffles and Hastings: Private Exchanges behind the founding of Singapore, Singapore: National Library Board, ISBN 978-981-4561-440, 2014. 
Bonney, R.: Francis Light and Penang, Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 38, 135–158, 1965. 
Short summary
This paper focuses on the recovery of instrumental weather records available for Singapore and Malaysia (Straits Settlements) from the late 1780s to 1917. Taking a historical approach, the paper explores the types of records available, the circumstances of their production and their value to the scientific community.