Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Clim. Past, 17, 2607–2632, 2021

Special issue: Interdisciplinary studies of volcanic impacts on climate and...

Clim. Past, 17, 2607–2632, 2021

Research article 20 Dec 2021

Research article | 20 Dec 2021

The blue suns of 1831: was the eruption of Ferdinandea, near Sicily, one of the largest volcanic climate forcing events of the nineteenth century?

Christopher Garrison et al.

Related authors

A roadmap for amphibious drilling at the Campi Flegrei caldera: insights from a MagellanPlus workshop
Marco Sacchi, Giuseppe De Natale, Volkhard Spiess, Lena Steinmann, Valerio Acocella, Marta Corradino, Shanaka de Silva, Alessandro Fedele, Lorenzo Fedele, Nobuo Geshi, Christopher Kilburn, Donatella Insinga, Maria-José Jurado, Flavia Molisso, Paola Petrosino, Salvatore Passaro, Fabrizio Pepe, Sabina Porfido, Claudio Scarpati, Hans-Ulrich Schmincke, Renato Somma, Mari Sumita, Stella Tamburrino, Claudia Troise, Mattia Vallefuoco, and Guido Ventura
Sci. Dril., 26, 29–46,,, 2019
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Climate Modelling | Archive: Historical Records | Timescale: Holocene
Northern Hemisphere atmospheric pattern enhancing Eastern Mediterranean Transient-type events during the past 1000 years
Aleix Cortina-Guerra, Juan José Gomez-Navarro, Belen Martrat, Juan Pedro Montávez, Alessandro Incarbona, Joan O. Grimalt, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, and P. Graham Mortyn
Clim. Past, 17, 1523–1532,,, 2021
Short summary
Synergy of the westerly winds and monsoons in the lake evolution of global closed basins since the Last Glacial Maximum and implications for hydrological change in central Asia
Yu Li and Yuxin Zhang
Clim. Past, 16, 2239–2254,,, 2020
Short summary
A regional climate palaeosimulation for Europe in the period 1500–1990 – Part 2: Shortcomings and strengths of models and reconstructions
J. J. Gómez-Navarro, O. Bothe, S. Wagner, E. Zorita, J. P. Werner, J. Luterbacher, C. C. Raible, and J. P Montávez
Clim. Past, 11, 1077–1095,,, 2015
Simulated climate variability in the region of Rapa Nui during the last millennium
C. Junk and M. Claussen
Clim. Past, 7, 579–586,,, 2011

Cited articles

Alexandria Gazette: “Meteorological Observations Taken at the Alexandria Museum, Aug. 1831, Friday, 2 September”, p. 1, 1831a. 
Alexandria Gazette: “The sun on Saturday evening…”, Thursday, 18 August, p.1, 1831b. 
Allgemeine Zeitung München: “Spanien, Madrid, 18 Aug…”, Samstag, 3 September, No. 246, p. 981, 1831a. 
Allgemeine Zeitung München: “Pesth, 12 Aug…”, Montag, 22 August, No. 234, p. 936, 1831b. 
Arago, F.: Communication to the 22 August 1831 meeting of the Académie des Sciences, in: Journal de Chimie Médicale, de Pharmacie et de Toxicologie, Tome VII, Chez Béchet Jeune, Paris, 1831. 
Short summary
An unidentified eruption in 1831 was one of the largest volcanic climate forcing events of the nineteenth century. We use reported observations of a blue sun to reconstruct the transport of an aerosol plume from that eruption and, hence, identify it as the 1831 eruption of Ferdinandea, near Sicily. We propose that, although it was only a modest eruption, its volcanic plume was enriched with sulfur from sedimentary deposits and that meteorological conditions helped it reach the stratosphere.