Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Clim. Past, 17, 2607–2632, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-2607-2021

Special issue: Interdisciplinary studies of volcanic impacts on climate and...

Clim. Past, 17, 2607–2632, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-2607-2021
Research article
 | Highlight paper
20 Dec 2021
Research article  | Highlight paper | 20 Dec 2021

The blue suns of 1831: was the eruption of Ferdinandea, near Sicily, one of the largest volcanic climate forcing events of the nineteenth century?

Christopher Garrison et al.

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Latest update: 18 May 2022
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Short summary
An unidentified eruption in 1831 was one of the largest volcanic climate forcing events of the nineteenth century. We use reported observations of a blue sun to reconstruct the transport of an aerosol plume from that eruption and, hence, identify it as the 1831 eruption of Ferdinandea, near Sicily. We propose that, although it was only a modest eruption, its volcanic plume was enriched with sulfur from sedimentary deposits and that meteorological conditions helped it reach the stratosphere.