Articles | Volume 17, issue 5
29 Oct 2021
Research article | 29 Oct 2021
Different facets of dry–wet patterns in south-western China over the past 27 000 years
Mengna Liao et al.
No articles found.
Furong Li, Marie-Jose Gaillard, Xianyong Cao, Ulrike Herzschuh, Shinya Sugita, Jian Ni, Yan Zhao, Chengbang An, Xiaozhong Huang, Yu Li, Hongyan Liu, Aizhi Sun, and Yifeng Yao
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,
Revised manuscript accepted for ESSDShort summary
The objective of this study is present the first gridded and temporally continuous quantitative plant-cover reconstruction for temperate and northern sub-tropical China over the last twelve millennia. The reconstructions are based on 94 pollen records and include estimates for 27 plant taxa, ten plant functional types and three land-cover types. The dataset is suitable for palaeoclimate modeling and evaluation of simulated past vegetation cover and anthropogenic land-cover change from models.
Ulrike Herzschuh, Chenzhi Li, Thomas Böhmer, Alexander K. Postl, Birgit Heim, Andrei A. Andreev, Xianyong Cao, Mareike Wieczorek, and Jian Ni
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 3213–3227,Short summary
Pollen preserved in environmental archives such as lake sediments and bogs are extensively used for reconstructions of past vegetation and climate. Here we present LegacyPollen 1.0, a dataset of 2831 fossil pollen records from all over the globe that were collected from publicly available databases. We harmonized the names of the pollen taxa so that all datasets can be jointly investigated. LegacyPollen 1.0 is available as an open-access dataset.
Yili Jin, Haoyan Wang, Jie Xia, Jian Ni, Kai Li, Ying Hou, Jing Hu, Linfeng Wei, Kai Wu, Haojun Xia, and Borui Zhou
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,
Revised manuscript accepted for ESSDShort summary
The TiP-Leaf dataset was compiled from direct field measurements and included 11 leaf traits from 468 species of 1692 individuals, covering a great proportion of species and vegetation types on the highest plateau in the world. This work is the first plant trait dataset that represents all of the alpine vegetation on the TP, which is not only an update of the Chinese plant trait database but also a great contribution to the global trait database.
Xianyong Cao, Fang Tian, Kai Li, Jian Ni, Xiaoshan Yu, Lina Liu, and Nannan Wang
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 3525–3537,Short summary
The Tibetan Plateau is quite remote, and it is difficult to collect samples on it; the previous modern pollen data are located on a nearby road, and there is a large geographic gap in the eastern and central Tibetan Plateau. Our novel pollen data can fill the gap and will be valuable in establishing a complete dataset covering the entire Tibetan Plateau, thus helping us to get a comprehensive understanding. In addition, the dataset can also be used to investigate plant species distribution.
Weiwei Sun, Enlou Zhang, Jie Chang, James Shulmeister, Michael I. Bird, Cheng Zhao, Qingfeng Jiang, and Ji Shen
Clim. Past, 16, 833–845,
Xianyong Cao, Fang Tian, Andrei Andreev, Patricia M. Anderson, Anatoly V. Lozhkin, Elena Bezrukova, Jian Ni, Natalia Rudaya, Astrid Stobbe, Mareike Wieczorek, and Ulrike Herzschuh
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 119–135,Short summary
Pollen percentages in spectra cannot be utilized to indicate past plant abundance directly because of the different pollen productivities among plants. In this paper, we applied relative pollen productivity estimates (PPEs) to calibrate plant abundances during the last 40 kyr using pollen counts from 203 pollen spectra in northern Asia. Results indicate the vegetation are generally stable during the Holocene and that climate change is the primary factor.
Anne Dallmeyer, Martin Claussen, Jian Ni, Xianyong Cao, Yongbo Wang, Nils Fischer, Madlene Pfeiffer, Liya Jin, Vyacheslav Khon, Sebastian Wagner, Kerstin Haberkorn, and Ulrike Herzschuh
Clim. Past, 13, 107–134,Short summary
The vegetation distribution in eastern Asia is supposed to be very sensitive to climate change. Since proxy records are scarce, hitherto a mechanistic understanding of the past spatio-temporal climate–vegetation relationship is lacking. To assess the Holocene vegetation change, we forced the diagnostic biome model BIOME4 with climate anomalies of different transient climate simulations.
T.-T. Meng, H. Wang, S. P. Harrison, I. C. Prentice, J. Ni, and G. Wang
Biogeosciences, 12, 5339–5352,Short summary
By analysing the quantitative leaf-traits along extensive temperature and moisture gradients with generalized linear models, we found that metabolism-related traits are universally acclimated to environmental conditions, rather than being fixed within plant functional types. The results strongly support a move towards Dynamic Global Vegetation Models in which continuous, adaptive trait variation provides the fundamental mechanism for changes in ecosystem properties along environmental gradients.
J. Ni, D. H. Luo, J. Xia, Z. H. Zhang, and G. Hu
Solid Earth, 6, 799–810,Short summary
The root biomass study of karst (limestone and dolomite) vegetation in southwestern China and even in the word’s karst regions is rarely investigated. The mixed evergreen and deciduous broadleaved forest in karst terrain of SW China has higher root biomass, but very high ratio of root to aboveground biomass compared to non-karst subtropical evergreen broadleaved forests. Such findings have significant ecological meanings for vegetation restoration and carbon increment.
H. Wang, I. C. Prentice, and J. Ni
Biogeosciences, 10, 5817–5830,
Related subject area
Subject: Proxy Use-Development-Validation | Archive: Terrestrial Archives | Timescale: PleistoceneBiomarker proxy records of Arctic climate change during the Mid-Pleistocene transition from Lake El'gygytgyn (Far East Russia)Hydroclimatic variability of opposing Late Pleistocene climates in the Levant revealed by deep Dead Sea sedimentsThe triple oxygen isotope composition of phytoliths, a new proxy of atmospheric relative humidity: controls of soil water isotope composition, temperature, CO2 concentration and relative humidityThe speleothem oxygen record as a proxy for thermal or moisture changes: a case study of multiproxy records from MIS 5–MIS 6 speleothems from the Demänová Cave systemA new multivariable benchmark for Last Glacial Maximum climate simulationsThe Last Glacial Maximum in the central North Island, New Zealand: palaeoclimate inferences from glacier modellingLate-glacial to late-Holocene shifts in global precipitation δ18OClimate history of the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies belt during the last glacial–interglacial transition revealed from lake water oxygen isotope reconstruction of Laguna Potrok Aike (52° S, Argentina)New online method for water isotope analysis of speleothem fluid inclusions using laser absorption spectroscopy (WS-CRDS)Inorganic geochemistry data from Lake El'gygytgyn sediments: marine isotope stages 6–11A 350 ka record of climate change from Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic: refining the pattern of climate modes by means of cluster analysisDynamic diatom response to changing climate 0–1.2 Ma at Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian ArcticAmplified bioproductivity during Transition IV (332 000–342 000 yr ago): evidence from the geochemical record of Lake El'gygytgynPotential and limits of OSL, TT-OSL, IRSL and pIRIR290 dating methods applied on a Middle Pleistocene sediment record of Lake El'gygytgyn, RussiaRock magnetic properties, magnetic susceptibility, and organic geochemistry comparison in core LZ1029-7 Lake El'gygytgyn, Russia Far EastHigh-temperature thermomagnetic properties of vivianite nodules, Lake El'gygytgyn, Northeast RussiaReconstruction of drip-water δ18O based on calcite oxygen and clumped isotopes of speleothems from Bunker Cave (Germany)A biomarker record of Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic: investigating sources of organic matter and carbon cycling during marine isotope stages 1–3Climate warming and vegetation response after Heinrich event 1 (16 700–16 000 cal yr BP) in Europe south of the AlpsA 250 ka oxygen isotope record from diatoms at Lake El'gygytgyn, far east Russian ArcticThe oxygen isotopic composition of phytolith assemblages from tropical rainforest soil tops (Queensland, Australia): validation of a new paleoenvironmental toolTerrestrial mollusc records from Xifeng and Luochuan L9 loess strata and their implications for paleoclimatic evolution in the Chinese Loess Plateau during marine Oxygen Isotope Stages 24-22
Kurt R. Lindberg, William C. Daniels, Isla S. Castañeda, and Julie Brigham-Grette
Clim. Past, 18, 559–577,Short summary
Earth experiences regular ice ages resulting in shifts between cooler and warmer climates. Around 1 million years ago, the ice age cycles grew longer and stronger. We used bacterial and plant lipids preserved in an Arctic lake to reconstruct temperature and vegetation during this climate transition. We find that Arctic land temperatures did not cool much compared to ocean records from this period, and that vegetation shifts correspond with a long-term drying previously reported in the region.
Yoav Ben Dor, Francesco Marra, Moshe Armon, Yehouda Enzel, Achim Brauer, Markus Julius Schwab, and Efrat Morin
Clim. Past, 17, 2653–2677,Short summary
Laminated sediments from the deepest part of the Dead Sea unravel the hydrological response of the eastern Mediterranean to past climate changes. This study demonstrates the importance of geological archives in complementing modern hydrological measurements that do not fully capture natural hydroclimatic variability, which is crucial to configure for understanding the impact of climate change on the hydrological cycle in subtropical regions.
Clément Outrequin, Anne Alexandre, Christine Vallet-Coulomb, Clément Piel, Sébastien Devidal, Amaelle Landais, Martine Couapel, Jean-Charles Mazur, Christophe Peugeot, Monique Pierre, Frédéric Prié, Jacques Roy, Corinne Sonzogni, and Claudia Voigt
Clim. Past, 17, 1881–1902,Short summary
Continental atmospheric humidity is a key climate parameter poorly captured by global climate models. Model–data comparison approaches that are applicable beyond the instrumental period are essential to progress on this issue but face a lack of quantitative relative humidity proxies. Here, we calibrate the triple oxygen isotope composition of phytoliths as a new quantitative proxy of continental relative humidity suitable for past climate reconstructions.
Clim. Past, 17, 1051–1064,Short summary
Presently, central Europe is under the influence of two types of climate, transitional and continental. The 60 ka long multiproxy speleothem dataset from Slovakia records the climate of the Last Interglacial cycle and its transition to the Last Glacial. The interpretation of stable isotopic composition and trace element content proxies helps to distinguish which factor had the strongest influence on the δ18O record shape: the local temperature, the humidity or the source effect.
Sean F. Cleator, Sandy P. Harrison, Nancy K. Nichols, I. Colin Prentice, and Ian Roulstone
Clim. Past, 16, 699–712,Short summary
We present geographically explicit reconstructions of seasonal temperature and annual moisture variables at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), 21 000 years ago. The reconstructions use existing site-based estimates of climate, interpolated in space and time in a physically consistent way using climate model simulations. The reconstructions give a much better picture of the LGM climate and will provide a robust evaluation of how well state-of-the-art climate models simulate large climate changes.
Shaun R. Eaves, Andrew N. Mackintosh, Brian M. Anderson, Alice M. Doughty, Dougal B. Townsend, Chris E. Conway, Gisela Winckler, Joerg M. Schaefer, Graham S. Leonard, and Andrew T. Calvert
Clim. Past, 12, 943–960,Short summary
Geological evidence for past changes in glacier length provides a useful source of information about pre-historic climate change. We have used glacier modelling to show that air temperature reductions of −5 to −7 °C, relative to present, are required to simulate the glacial extent in the North Island, New Zealand, during the last ice age (approx. 20000 years ago). Our results provide data to assess climate model simulations, with the aim of determining the drivers of past natural climate change.
S. Jasechko, A. Lechler, F. S. R. Pausata, P. J. Fawcett, T. Gleeson, D. I. Cendón, J. Galewsky, A. N. LeGrande, C. Risi, Z. D. Sharp, J. M. Welker, M. Werner, and K. Yoshimura
Clim. Past, 11, 1375–1393,Short summary
In this study we compile global isotope proxy records of climate changes from the last ice age to the late-Holocene preserved in cave calcite, glacial ice and groundwater aquifers. We show that global patterns of late-Pleistocene to late-Holocene precipitation isotope shifts are consistent with stronger-than-modern isotopic distillation of air masses during the last ice age, likely impacted by larger global temperature differences between the tropics and the poles.
J. Zhu, A. Lücke, H. Wissel, C. Mayr, D. Enters, K. Ja Kim, C. Ohlendorf, F. Schäbitz, and B. Zolitschka
Clim. Past, 10, 2153–2169,
S. Affolter, D. Fleitmann, and M. Leuenberger
Clim. Past, 10, 1291–1304,
P. S. Minyuk, V. Y. Borkhodoev, and V. Wennrich
Clim. Past, 10, 467–485,
U. Frank, N. R. Nowaczyk, P. Minyuk, H. Vogel, P. Rosén, and M. Melles
Clim. Past, 9, 1559–1569,
J. A. Snyder, M. V. Cherepanova, and A. Bryan
Clim. Past, 9, 1309–1319,
L. Cunningham, H. Vogel, V. Wennrich, O. Juschus, N. Nowaczyk, and P. Rosén
Clim. Past, 9, 679–686,
A. Zander and A. Hilgers
Clim. Past, 9, 719–733,
K. J. Murdock, K. Wilkie, and L. L. Brown
Clim. Past, 9, 467–479,
P. S. Minyuk, T. V. Subbotnikova, L. L. Brown, and K. J. Murdock
Clim. Past, 9, 433–446,
T. Kluge, H. P. Affek, T. Marx, W. Aeschbach-Hertig, D. F. C. Riechelmann, D. Scholz, S. Riechelmann, A. Immenhauser, D. K. Richter, J. Fohlmeister, A. Wackerbarth, A. Mangini, and C. Spötl
Clim. Past, 9, 377–391,
A. R. Holland, S. T. Petsch, I. S. Castañeda, K. M. Wilkie, S. J. Burns, and J. Brigham-Grette
Clim. Past, 9, 243–260,
S. Samartin, O. Heiri, A. F. Lotter, and W. Tinner
Clim. Past, 8, 1913–1927,
B. Chapligin, H. Meyer, G. E. A. Swann, C. Meyer-Jacob, and H.-W. Hubberten
Clim. Past, 8, 1621–1636,
A. Alexandre, J. Crespin, F. Sylvestre, C. Sonzogni, and D. W. Hilbert
Clim. Past, 8, 307–324,
B. Wu and N. Q. Wu
Clim. Past, 7, 349–359,
Ahn, J., Wahlen, M., Deck, B. L., Brook, E. J., Mayewski, P. A., Taylor, K. C., and White, J. W.: A record of atmospheric CO2 during the last 40 000 years from the Siple Dome, Antarctica ice core, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 109, D13305, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004415, 2004.
Aichner, B., Makhmudov, Z., Rajabov, I., Zhang, Q., Pausata, F. S., Werner, M., Heinecke, L., Kuessner, M. L., Feakins, S. J., and Sachse, D.: Hydroclimate in the Pamirs was driven by changes in precipitation-evaporation seasonality since the Last Glacial Period, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 13972–13983, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085202, 2019.
Blaauw, M., Christen, J. A., and Lopez, M. A. A.: rbacon: Age-depth modelling using Bayesian statistics, R package version 2.5.0 [code], available at: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=rbacon, last access date: 15 November 2020.
Breshears, D. D., Cobb, N. S., Rich, P. M., Price, K. P., Allen, C. D., Balice, R. G., Romme, W. H., Kastens, J. H., Floyd, M. L., and Belnap, J.: Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 102, 15144–15148, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0505734102, 2005.
Cai, Y., Fung, I. Y., Edwards, R. L., An, Z., Cheng, H., Lee, J.-E., Tan, L., Shen, C.-C., Wang, X., and Day, J. A.: Variability of stalagmite-inferred Indian monsoon precipitation over the past 252 000 yrs, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 112, 2954–2959, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1424035112, 2015.
Cairns, M. A., Brown, S., Helmer, E. H., and Baumgardner, G. A.: Root biomass allocation in the world's upland forests, Oecologia, 111, 1–11, https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050201, 1997.
Chen, X., Chen, F., Zhou, A., Huang, X., Tang, L., Wu, D., Zhang, X., and Yu, J.: Vegetation history, climatic changes and Indian summer monsoon evolution during the Last Glaciation (36,400–13,400 cal yr BP) documented by sediments from Xingyun Lake, Yunnan, China, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 410, 179–189, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.05.027, 2014.
Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., Sinha, A., Spötl, C., Yi, L., Chen, S., Kelly, M., Kathayat, G., Wang, X., and Li, X.: The Asian monsoon over the past 640,000 years and ice age terminations, Nature, 534, 640–646, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18591, 2016.
Cook, C. G., Jones, R. T., Langdon, P. G., Leng, M. J., and Zhang, E.: New insights on Late Quaternary Asian palaeomonsoon variability and the timing of the Last Glacial Maximum in southwestern China, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 30, 808–820, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.01.003, 2011.
Dai, A., Zhao, T., and Chen, J.: Climate change and drought: A precipitation and evaporation perspective, Curr. Clim. Change Rep., 4, 301–312, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-018-0101-6, 2018.
Davis, T. W., Prentice, I. C., Stocker, B. D., Thomas, R. T., Whitley, R. J., Wang, H., Evans, B. J., Gallego-Sala, A. V., Sykes, M. T., and Cramer, W.: Simple process-led algorithms for simulating habitats (SPLASH v.1.0): robust indices of radiation, evapotranspiration and plant-available moisture, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 689–708, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-689-2017, 2017.
Dykoski, C. A., Edwards, R. L., Cheng, H., Yuan, D., Cai, Y., Zhang, M., Lin, Y., Qing, J., An, Z., and Revenaugh, J.: A high-resolution, absolute-dated Holocene and deglacial Asian monsoon record from Dongge Cave, China, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 233, 71–86, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2005.01.036, 2005.
Faegri, K., Kaland, P. E., and Krzywinski, K. (Eds.): Textbook of pollen analysis, 4th edn. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester, United Kingdom, ISBN: 0 471 92178 5, 1989.
Farr, T. G., Rosen, P. A., Caro, E., Crippen, R., Duren, R., Hensley, S., Kobrick, M., Paller, M., Rodriguez, E., Roth, L., Seal, D., Shaffer, S., Shimada, J., Umland, J., Werner, M., Oskin, M., Burbank, D., and Alsdorf, D.: The shuttle radar topography mission, Rev. Geophys., 45, RG2004, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005RG000183, 2007.
Feng, H. and Liu, Y.: Combined effects of precipitation and air temperature on soil moisture in different land covers in a humid basin, J. Hydrol., 531, 1129–1140, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.11.016, 2015.
Good, S. P., Noone, D., and Bowen, G.: Hydrologic connectivity constrains partitioning of global terrestrial water fluxes, Science, 349, 175–177, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa5931, 2015.
Guzha, A., Rufino, M. C., Okoth, S., Jacobs, S., and Nóbrega, R.: Impacts of land use and land cover change on surface runoff, discharge and low flows: Evidence from East Africa, J. Hydrol.-Reg. Stud., 15, 49–67, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2017.11.005, 2018.
Hancock, P. A. and Hutchinson, M.: Spatial interpolation of large climate data sets using bivariate thin plate smoothing splines, Environ. Modell. Softw., 21, 1684–1694, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2005.08.005, 2006.
Hillman, A. L., Abbott, M. B., Finkenbinder, M. S., and Yu, J.: An 8,600 year lacustrine record of summer monsoon variability from Yunnan, China, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 174, 120–132, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.005, 2017.
Hillman, A. L., O'Quinn, R. F., Abbott, M. B., and Bain, D. J.: A Holocene history of the Indian monsoon from Qilu Lake, southwestern China, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 227, 106051, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.106051, 2020.
Hodell, D. A., Brenner, M., Kanfoush, S. L., Curtis, J. H., Stoner, J. S., Xueliang, S., Yuan, W., and Whitmore, T. J.: Paleoclimate of southwestern China for the past 50 000 yr inferred from lake sediment records, Quaternary Res., 52, 369–380, https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.1999.2072, 1999.
Huang, C., Wei, G., Ma, J., and Liu, Y.: Evolution of the Indian summer monsoon during the interval 32.7–11.4 cal. ka BP: Evidence from the Baoxiu peat, Yunnan, southwest China, J. Asian Earth Sci., 131, 72–80, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.09.008, 2016.
Hutchinson, M. (Ed.): ANUSPLIN version 4.36 user guide, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 54 pp. ISBN: 086740 512 0, 2006.
Juggins, S.: rioja: Analysis of Quaternary Science Data, R package version (0.9-15.1) [code], available at: http://cran.r-project.org/package=rioja Last access date: 26 October 2020, 2017.
Lawrence, D. M. and Slingo, J. M.: An annual cycle of vegetation in a GCM. Part I: implementation and impact on evaporation, Clim. Dynam., 22, 87–105, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-003-0366-9, 2004.
Leng, M. J. and Marshall, J. D.: Palaeoclimate interpretation of stable isotope data from lake sediment archives, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 23, 811–831, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2003.06.012, 2004.
Li, Y., Chen, X., Xiao, X., Zhang, H., Xue, B., Shen, J., and Zhang, E.: Diatom-based inference of Asian monsoon precipitation from a volcanic lake in southwest China for the last 18.5 ka, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 182, 109–120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.11.021, 2018.
Luo, C., Zheng, Z., Tarasov, P., Pan, A., Huang, K., Beaudouin, C., and An, F.: Characteristics of the modern pollen distribution and their relationship to vegetation in the Xinjiang region, northwestern China, Rev. Palaeobot. Palyno., 153, 282–295, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2008.08.007, 2009.
Markewitz, D., Devine, S., Davidson, E. A., Brando, P., and Nepstad, D. C.: Soil moisture depletion under simulated drought in the Amazon: impacts on deep root uptake, New Phytol., 187, 592–607, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03391.x, 2010.
Maxwell, R. M. and Condon, L. E.: Connections between groundwater flow and transpiration partitioning, Science, 353, 377–380, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf7891, 2016.
Mishra, A. K. and Singh, V. P.: A review of drought concepts, J. Hydrol., 391, 202–216, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.012, 2010.
Mohammad, A. G. and Adam, M. A.: The impact of vegetative cover type on runoff and soil erosion under different land uses, Catena, 81, 97–103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2010.01.008, 2010.
Ni, J., Cao, X., Jeltsch, F., and Herzschuh, U.: Biome distribution over the last 22,000 yr in China, Palaeogeogra. Palaeocl., 409, 33–47, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.04.023, 2014.
Ning, D., Zhang, E., Sun, W., Chang, J., and Shulmeister, J.: Holocene Indian Summer Monsoon variation inferred from geochemical and grain size records from Lake Ximenglongtan, southwestern China, Palaeogeogra. Palaeocl., 487, 260–269, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.09.008, 2017.
Ohlendorf, C., Fey, M., Gebhardt, C., Haberzettl, T., Lücke, A., Mayr, C., Schäbitz, F., Wille, M., and Zolitschka, B.: Mechanisms of lake-level change at Laguna Potrok Aike (Argentina) – insights from hydrological balance calculations, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 71, 27–45, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.10.040, 2013.
Peng, J., Yang, X., Toney, J. L., Ruan, J., Li, G., Zhou, Q., Gao, H., Xie, Y., Chen, Q., and Zhang, T.: Indian Summer Monsoon variations and competing influences between hemispheres since ∼ 35 ka recorded in Tengchongqinghai Lake, southwestern China, Palaeogeogra. Palaeocl., 516, 113–125, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.11.040, 2019.
Peng, Y., Xiao, J., Nakamura, T., Liu, B., and Inouchi, Y.: Holocene East Asian monsoonal precipitation pattern revealed by grain-size distribution of core sediments of Daihai Lake in Inner Mongolia of north-central China, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 233, 467–479, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2005.02.022, 2005.
Pokhrel, Y., Felfelani, F., Satoh, Y., Boulange, J., Burek, P., Gädeke, A., Gerten, D., Gosling, S. N., Grillakis, M., and Gudmundsson, L.: Global terrestrial water storage and drought severity under climate change, Nat. Clim. Change, 11, 226–233, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-00972-w, 2021.
Prentice, I. C.: Multidimensional scaling as a research tool in Quaternary palynology: a review of theory and methods, Rev. Palaeobot. Palyno., 31, 71–104, https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-6667(80)90023-8, 1980.
Prentice, I. C., Sykes, M. T., and Cramer, W.: A simulation model for the transient effects of climate change on forest landscapes, Ecol. Model., 65, 51–70, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3800(93)90126-D, 1993.
Qiu, J.: China drought highlights future climate threats: Yunnan's worst drought for many years has been exacerbated by destruction of forest cover and a history of poor water management, Nature, 465, 142–144, https://doi.org/10.1038/465142a, 2010.
Raidt, H. and Koschel, R.: Morphology of calcite crystals in hardwater lakes, Limnologica, 19, 3–12, 1988.
R Core Team: R: A language and environment for statistical computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing [code], available at: https://www.R-project.org/ (last access: 15 November 2020), 2018.
Reimer, P. J., Austin, W. E. N., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Blackwell, P. G., Ramsey, C. B., Butzin, M., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P. M., Guilderson, T. P., Hajdas, I., Heaton, T. J., Hogg, A. G., Hughen, K. A., Kromer, B., Manning, S. W., Muscheler, R., Palmer, J. G., Pearson, C., van der Plicht, J., Reimer, R. W., Richards, D. A., Scott, E. M., Southon, J. R., Turney, C. S. M., Wacker, L., Adolphi, F., Büntgen, U., Capano, M., Fahrni, S. M., Fogtmann-Schulz, A., Friedrich, R., Köhler, P., Kudsk, S., Miyake, F., Olsen, J., Reinig, F., Sakamoto, M., Sookdeo, A., and Talamo, S.: The IntCal20 Northern Hemisphere radiocarbon age calibration curve (0–55 cal. ka BP), Radiocarbon, 62, 725–757, https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2020.41, 2020.
Robbins, L. and Blackwelder, P.: Biochemical and ultrastructural evidence for the origin of whitings: A biologically induced calcium carbonate precipitation mechanism, Geology, 20, 464–468, https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1992)020<0464:BAUEFT>2.3.CO;2, 1992.
Scheff, J., Seager, R., Liu, H., and Coats, S.: Are glacials dry? Consequences for paleoclimatology and for greenhouse warming, J. Climate, 30, 6593–6609, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0854.1, 2017.
Schlesinger, W. H. and Jasechko, S.: Transpiration in the global water cycle, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 189, 115–117, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.01.011, 2014.
Sheng, E., Yu, K., Xu, H., Lan, J., Liu, B., and Che, S.: Late holocene Indian summer monsoon precipitation history at Lake Lugu, northwestern Yunnan Province, southwestern China, Palaeogeogra. Palaeocl., 438, 24–33, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.07.026, 2015.
Stabel, H.-H.: Calcite precipitation in Lake Constance: Chemical equilibrium, sedimentation, and nucleation by algae, Limnol. Oceanogr., 31, 1081–1093, https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.19220.127.116.111, 1986.
Sun, S., Chen, H., Ju, W., Wang, G., Sun, G., Huang, J., Ma, H., Gao, C., Hua, W., and Yan, G.: On the coupling between precipitation and potential evapotranspiration: contributions to decadal drought anomalies in the Southwest China, Clim. Dynam., 48, 3779–3797, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3302-5, 2017.
Sun, W., Zhang, E., Shulmeister, J., Bird, M. I., Chang, J., and Shen, J.: Abrupt changes in Indian summer monsoon strength during the last deglaciation and early Holocene based on stable isotope evidence from Lake Chenghai, southwest China, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 218, 1–9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.06.006, 2019.
ter Braak, C. J. and Juggins, S.: Weighted averaging partial least squares regression (WA-PLS): an improved method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages, Twelfth international diatom symposium, Renesse, the Netherlands, 30 August–5 September 1992, 485–502, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00028046, 1993.
The Editorial Committee of Vegetation Map of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Ed.): Vegetation Map of the People's Republic of China (1:1 000 000), Geological Publishing House, Beijing, ISBN: 978-7-116-05146-1, 10–11, 2007.
Trenberth, K. E., Dai, A., Van Der Schrier, G., Jones, P. D., Barichivich, J., Briffa, K. R., and Sheffield, J.: Global warming and changes in drought, Nat. Clim. Change, 4, 17–22, https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2067, 2014.
Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wei, Z., He, W., Ma, X., Sun, Z., Xu, L., Gong, J., Wang, Z., and Pan, Y.: Paleoclimate changes of the past 30 cal ka BP inferred from lipid biomarkers and geochemical records from Qionghai Lake, southwest China, J. Asian Earth Sci., 172, 346–358, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.09.019, 2019.
Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wei, Z., He, W., Ma, X., and Zhang, T.: Reconstruction of temperature and precipitation spanning the past 28 000 yrs based on branched tetraether lipids from Qionghai Lake, southwestern China, Palaeogeogra. Palaeocl., 562, 110094, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.110094, 2020.
Wang, L., Yuan, X., Xie, Z., Wu, P., and Li, Y.: Increasing flash droughts over China during the recent global warming hiatus, Sci. Rep-UK, 6, 30571, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep30571, 2016.
Wang, S. and Dou, H. (Eds.): The lake inventory of China, Science Press, Beijing, 379–381, ISBN 7-203-006706-1, 1998.
Watras, C., Read, J., Holman, K., Liu, Z., Song, Y. Y., Watras, A., Morgan, S., and Stanley, E.: Decadal oscillation of lakes and aquifers in the upper Great Lakes region of North America: Hydroclimatic implications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 456–462, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058679, 2014.
Wei, G., Xie, L., Sun, Y., Lu, Y., and Liu, Y.: Major and trace elements of a peat core from Yunnan, Southwest China: implications for paleoclimatic proxies, J. Asian Earth Sci., 58, 64–77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.06.021, 2012.
Whitmore, T. J., Brenner, M., Jiang, Z., Curtis, J. H., Moore, A., Engstrom, D. R., and Wu, Y.: Water quality and sediment geochemistry in lakes of Yunnan Province, southern China, Environ. Geol., 32, 45–55, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002540050192, 1997.
Wu, D., Zhou, A., Liu, J., Chen, X., Wei, H., Sun, H., Yu, J., Bloemendal, J., and Chen, F.: Changing intensity of human activity over the last 2,000 years recorded by the magnetic characteristics of sediments from Xingyun Lake, Yunnan, China, J. Paleolimnol., 53, 47–60, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-014-9806-2, 2015.
Wu, D., Chen, X., Lv, F., Brenner, M., Curtis, J., Zhou, A., Chen, J., Abbott, M., Yu, J., and Chen, F.: Decoupled early Holocene summer temperature and monsoon precipitation in southwest China, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 193, 54–67, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.05.038, 2018.
Xiao, J., Fan, J., Zhou, L., Zhai, D., Wen, R., and Qin, X.: A model for linking grain-size component to lake level status of a modern clastic lake, J. Asian Earth Sci., 69, 149–158, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.07.003, 2013.
Xiao, X., Haberle, S. G., Yang, X., Shen, J., Han, Y., and Wang, S.: New evidence on deglacial climatic variability from an alpine lacustrine record in northwestern Yunnan Province, southwestern China, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 406, 9–21, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.04.008, 2014a.
Xiao, X., Haberle, S. G., Shen, J., Yang, X., Han, Y., Zhang, E., and Wang, S.: Latest Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation and climate history inferred from an alpine lacustrine record, northwestern Yunnan Province, southwestern China, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 86, 35–48, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.12.023, 2014b.
Xiao, X., Haberle, S. G., Shen, J., Xue, B., Burrows, M., and Wang, S.: Postglacial fire history and interactions with vegetation and climate in southwestern Yunnan Province of China, Clim. Past, 13, 613–627, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-13-613-2017, 2017.
Xiao, X., Haberle, S. G., Li, Y., Liu, E., Shen, J., Zhang, E., Yin, J., and Wang, S.: Evidence of Holocene climatic change and human impact in northwestern Yunnan Province: High-resolution pollen and charcoal records from Chenghai Lake, southwestern China, Holocene, 28, 127–139, https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683617715692, 2018.
Xu, H., Lan, J., Zhang, G., and Zhou, X.: Arid Central Asia saw mid-Holocene drought, Geology, 47, 255–258, https://doi.org/10.1130/G45686.1, 2019.
Xu, Q., Li, Y., Yang, X., and Zheng, Z.: Quantitative relationship between pollen and vegetation in northern China, Sci. China Ser. D, 50, 582–599, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-007-2044-y, 2007.
Zhang, E., Chang, J., Cao, Y., Sun, W., Shulmeister, J., Tang, H., Langdon, P. G., Yang, X., and Shen, J.: Holocene high-resolution quantitative summer temperature reconstruction based on subfossil chironomids from the southeast margin of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 165, 1–12, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.04.008, 2017.
Zhang, E., Chang, J., Shulmeister, J., Langdon, P., Sun, W., Cao, Y., Yang, X., and Shen, J.: Summer temperature fluctuations in Southwestern China during the end of the LGM and the last deglaciation, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 509, 78–87, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.12.024, 2019.
Zhang, L., Zhang, H., Chang, F., Duan, L., Hu, J., Li, T., Cai, M., and Zhang, Y.: Spatial variation characteristics of sediment size and its environmental indication significance in Lake Yilong, Yunnan Province, Quaternary Sci., 39, 1159–1170, https://doi.org/10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2019.05.08, 2019 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhang, Y.-K. and Schilling, K.: Effects of land cover on water table, soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and groundwater recharge: a field observation and analysis, J. Hydrol., 319, 328–338, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.06.044, 2006.
Zhao, M., Li, H.-C., Liu, Z.-H., Mii, H.-S., Sun, H.-L., Shen, C.-C., and Kang, S.-C.: Changes in climate and vegetation of central Guizhou in southwest China since the last glacial reflected by stalagmite records from Yelang Cave, J. Asian Earth Sci., 114, 549–561, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2015.07.021, 2015.
The long-term trajectories of precipitation, hydrological balance and soil moisture are not completely consistent in southwest China. Hydrological balance was more sensitive to temperature change on a millennial scale. For soil moisture, plant processes also played a big role in addition to precipitation and temperature. Under future climate warming, surface water shortage in southwest China can be even more serious and efforts at reforestation may bring some relief to the soil moisture deficit.
The long-term trajectories of precipitation, hydrological balance and soil moisture are not...