Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
Clim. Past, 15, 579–592, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-579-2019
Clim. Past, 15, 579–592, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-579-2019
Research article
28 Mar 2019
Research article | 28 Mar 2019

A Holocene black carbon ice-core record of biomass burning in the Amazon Basin from Illimani, Bolivia

Dimitri Osmont et al.

Related authors

Tracing devastating fires in Portugal to a snow archive in the Swiss Alps: a case study
Dimitri Osmont, Sandra Brugger, Anina Gilgen, Helga Weber, Michael Sigl, Robin L. Modini, Christoph Schwörer, Willy Tinner, Stefan Wunderle, and Margit Schwikowski
The Cryosphere, 14, 3731–3745, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3731-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3731-2020, 2020
Short summary
19th century glacier retreat in the Alps preceded the emergence of industrial black carbon deposition on high-alpine glaciers
Michael Sigl, Nerilie J. Abram, Jacopo Gabrieli, Theo M. Jenk, Dimitri Osmont, and Margit Schwikowski
The Cryosphere, 12, 3311–3331, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3311-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3311-2018, 2018
Short summary
An 800-year high-resolution black carbon ice core record from Lomonosovfonna, Svalbard
Dimitri Osmont, Isabel A. Wendl, Loïc Schmidely, Michael Sigl, Carmen P. Vega, Elisabeth Isaksson, and Margit Schwikowski
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 12777–12795, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-12777-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-12777-2018, 2018
Short summary

Cited articles

Aceituno, P.: On the Functioning of the Southern Oscillation in the South American Sector, Part I: Surface Climate, Mon. Weather Rev., 116, 505–524, 1988. 
Alley, R. B., Mayewski, P. A., Sowers, T., Stuiver, M., Taylor, K. C., and Clark, P. U.: Holocene climatic instability: A prominent, widespread event 8200 yr ago, Geology, 25, 483–486, 1997. 
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Murphy, L. N., Chellman, N., Das, S., Kipfstuhl, S., and Mulvaney, R.: Holocene black carbon in Antarctica paralleled Southern Hemisphere climate, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 122, 6713–6728, 2017. 
Artaxo, P., Fernandes, E. T., Martins, J. V., Yamasoe, M. A., Hobbs, P. V., Maenhaut, W., Longo, K. M., and Castanho, A.: Large-scale aerosol source apportionment in Amazonia, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 31837–31847, 1998. 
Baker, P. A., Seltzer, G. O., Fritz, S. C., Dunbar, R. B., Grove, M. J., Tapia, P. M., Cross, S. L., Rowe, H. D., and Broda, J.P.: The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25 000 years, Science, 291, 640–643, 2001. 
Download
Short summary
We present the first black carbon (BC) ice-core record from the Andes (Illimani, Bolivia). It spans the entire Holocene and reflects biomass burning emissions from the Amazon Basin, with high (low) concentrations during warm–dry (wet–cold) periods. The highest fire activity occurred during the Holocene Climatic Optimum (7000–3000 BCE). Recent BC levels, increasing since 1730 CE, do not exceed those of the Medieval Warm Period. The contribution from industrial and traffic emissions remains minor.