Articles | Volume 15, issue 1
Clim. Past, 15, 307–334, 2019
Clim. Past, 15, 307–334, 2019
Research article
15 Feb 2019
Research article | 15 Feb 2019

Inconsistencies between observed, reconstructed, and simulated precipitation indices for England since the year 1650 CE

Oliver Bothe et al.

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Cited articles

Alexander, L. V. and Jones, P. D.: Updated precipitation series for the U.K. and discussion of recent extremes, Atmos. Sci. Lett., 1, 142–150,, 2000 (data available at:, last access: 1 February 2019). a, b, c, d
Allaire, J., Xie, Y., McPherson, J., Luraschi, J., Ushey, K., Atkins, A., Wickham, H., Cheng, J., and Chang, W.: rmarkdown: Dynamic Documents for R, r package version 1.10, available at: (last access: 3 February 2019), 2018. a
Anet, J. G., Muthers, S., Rozanov, E., Raible, C. C., Peter, T., Stenke, A., Shapiro, A. I., Beer, J., Steinhilber, F., Brönnimann, S., Arfeuille, F., Brugnara, Y., and Schmutz, W.: Forcing of stratospheric chemistry and dynamics during the Dalton Minimum, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10951–10967,, 2013.  a
Anet, J. G., Muthers, S., Rozanov, E. V., Raible, C. C., Stenke, A., Shapiro, A. I., Brönnimann, S., Arfeuille, F., Brugnara, Y., Beer, J., Steinhilber, F., Schmutz, W., and Peter, T.: Impact of solar versus volcanic activity variations on tropospheric temperatures and precipitation during the Dalton Minimum, Clim. Past, 10, 921–938,, 2014. a
Annan, J. D. and Hargreaves, J. C.: Understanding the CMIP3 Multimodel Ensemble, J. Climate, 24, 4529–4538,, 2011. a, b
Short summary
Our understanding of future climate changes increases if different sources of information agree on past climate variations. Changing climates particularly impact local scales for which future changes in precipitation are highly uncertain. Here, we use information from observations, model simulations, and climate reconstructions for regional precipitation over the British Isles. We find these do not agree well on precipitation variations over the past few centuries.