Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Research article
05 Apr 2023
Research article |  | 05 Apr 2023

Holocene climates of the Iberian Peninsula: pollen-based reconstructions of changes in the west–east gradient of temperature and moisture

Mengmeng Liu, Yicheng Shen, Penelope González-Sampériz, Graciela Gil-Romera, Cajo J. F. ter Braak, Iain Colin Prentice, and Sandy P. Harrison

Data sets

Pollen data and charcoal data of the Iberian Peninsula (version 3) S. Harrison, Y. Shen, and L. Sweeney

Model code and software

v0.0.0 ml4418/Iberia-paper: Iberia climate reconstructions M. Liu

Short summary
We reconstructed the Holocene climates in the Iberian Peninsula using a large pollen data set and found that the west–east moisture gradient was much flatter than today. We also found that the winter was much colder, which can be expected from the low winter insolation during the Holocene. However, summer temperature did not follow the trend of summer insolation, instead, it was strongly correlated with moisture.