Articles | Volume 19, issue 11
Research article
21 Nov 2023
Research article |  | 21 Nov 2023

The climate in Poland (central Europe) in the first half of the last millennium, revisited

Rajmund Przybylak, Piotr Oliński, Marcin Koprowski, Elżbieta Szychowska-Krąpiec, Marek Krąpiec, Aleksandra Pospieszyńska, and Radosław Puchałka

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Revised manuscript accepted for CP
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Statistical reconstruction of daily temperature and sea level pressure in Europe for the severe winter 1788/89
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Cited articles

Alexandre, P.: Le climat en Europe au Moyen Age. Contribution à l'histoire des variations climatiques de 1000 à 1425, d'après les sources narratives de l'Europe occidentale, Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, 827 pp., ISBN 2-7132-0852-1, 1987. 
Balanzategui, D., Knorr, A., Heussner, K.-U., Wazny, T., Beck, W., Słowiński, M., Helle, G., Buras, A., Wilmking, M., Van Der Maaten, E., Scharnweber, T., Dorado-Liñán, I., and Heinrich, I.: An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland, Boreas, 47, 443–453,, 2017. 
Bartoszek K.: Relacje między cyrkulacją atmosferyczną a sezonową temperaturą powietrza na obszarze Lubelszczyzny, Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, LXXII, 1, 33–45, 2017. 
Bolychevtsev, V. G.: Godnichnyje sloi u duba kak pokazatel' vekovykh ciklov kolebanij klimata (Annual ring of oak as evidence of secular climatic cycles), Lesovedenie, 1, 15–23, 1970. 
Brázdil, R.: Climatic fluctuations in the Chech lands during the Last Millennium, Geo J., 32, 199–205, 1994. 
Short summary
The present paper upgrades our knowledge of Poland’s climate in the period 1001–1500 using multiproxy data. Four new climate reconstructions have been constructed – three based on dendrochronological data (since the 12th century) and one on documentary evidence (since the 15th century). The results should help improve the knowledge of climate change in Europe, particularly in central Europe.